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Assessing the additive and dominance genetic effects of vegetative propagation ability in Eucalyptus-influence of modeling on genetic gain

Makouanzi Garel, Bouvet Jean-Marc, Denis Marie, Saya Aubin Rachel, Mankessi François, Vigneron Philippe. 2014. Assessing the additive and dominance genetic effects of vegetative propagation ability in Eucalyptus-influence of modeling on genetic gain. Tree Genetics and Genomes, 10 (5) : pp. 1243-1256.

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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : HORTICULTURE / Quartile : Q1, Sujet : FORESTRY / Quartile : Q3, Sujet : GENETICS & HEREDITY

Abstract : To study the genetic determinism of propagation by cutting, 2,115 individuals of 83 full-sib families of the Eucalyptus urophylla×Eucalyptus grandis hybrid were used as stock plants and propagated by cuttings. Shoot production (PROD) and cutting success (CUT) were measured in two periods corresponding to the dry and rainy seasons. The experiments showed a significant effect of propagation period, suggesting the combined influence of environmental conditions and physiological state of stock plants. Using the linear mixed model (LMM) and the generalized one (GLMM) to take into account the non-normal distribution, the additive and dominance variances were estimated. They were significantly different from zero for PROD and CUT, as was the interaction between genetic effects and periods. The dominance variance was equal or higher than additive variance for both traits (1 <?2 D/?2 A<1.5). Broad- and narrow-sense heritabilities change with the model type. For PROD, with LMM, they were moderate (h2 ss=0.182 and H2 sl=0.443) but high with GLMM (h2 ss=0.431 and H2 sl=0.891). For CUT, the same trend was observed for variances but the genetic control was weaker with heritabilities smaller than 0.3. The selection accuracy (r) was affected by the statistical model, r=0.94 and r=0.42 for PROD using LMM and GLMM, respectively. Genetic correlations between PROD, CUT, and the field growth of clones at 25 months were relatively low. These results are important elements to consider for breeding strategies that target genetic gain for both field growth and cutting success. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Eucalyptus grandis, Eucalyptus urophylla, Bouturage, Génétique, Facteur climatique, Multiplication végétative, Héritabilité, Modèle mathématique, Hybride

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Congo

Mots-clés complémentaires : Determinisme

Classification Agris : F02 - Plant propagation
F30 - Plant genetics and breeding
U10 - Computer science, mathematics and statistics
F62 - Plant physiology - Growth and development

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2014-2018) - Agriculture écologiquement intensive

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Makouanzi Garel, CRDPI (COG)
  • Bouvet Jean-Marc, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA)
  • Denis Marie, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA)
  • Saya Aubin Rachel, UR2PI (COG)
  • Mankessi François, Université Marien Ngouabi (COG)
  • Vigneron Philippe, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (COG)

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/575065/)

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