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Factors affecting collective action for forest fire management: A comparative study of community forest user groups in Central Siwalik, Nepal

Sapkota Lok Mani, Shrestha Rajendra Prasad, Jourdain Damien, Shivakoti Ganesh Prasad. 2015. Factors affecting collective action for forest fire management: A comparative study of community forest user groups in Central Siwalik, Nepal. Environmental Management, 55 (1) : pp. 171-186.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Q2, Sujet : ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES

Liste HCERES des revues (en SHS) : oui

Thème(s) HCERES des revues (en SHS) : Géographie-Aménagement-Urbanisme-Architecture

Abstract : The attributes of social ecological systems affect the management of commons. Strengthening and enhancing social capital and the enforcement of rules and sanctions aid in the collective action of communities in forest fire management. Using a set of variables drawn from previous studies on the management of commons, we conducted a study across 20 community forest user groups in Central Siwalik, Nepal, by dividing the groups into two categories based on the type and level of their forest fire management response. Our study shows that the collective action in forest fire management is consistent with the collective actions in other community development activities. However, the effectiveness of collective action is primarily dependent on the complex interaction of various variables. We found that strong social capital, strong enforcement of rules and sanctions, and users' participation in crafting the rules were the major variables that strengthen collective action in forest fire management. Conversely, users' dependency on a daily wage and a lack of transparency were the variables that weaken collective action. In fire-prone forests such as the Siwalik, our results indicate that strengthening social capital and forming and enforcing forest fire management rules are important variables that encourage people to engage in collective action in fire management. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : forêt tropicale, Incendie de forêt, Participation communautaire, Réglementation forestière, protection de la forêt, gestion des ressources naturelles, Forêt collective, Aménagement forestier, Communauté rurale, Droit agricole et rural, approches participatives

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Népal

Classification Agris : K01 - Forestry - General aspects
K70 - Forest injuries and protection
D50 - Legislation
E50 - Rural sociology

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 6 (2014-2018) - Sociétés, natures et territoires

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Sapkota Lok Mani, ECARDS (NPL)
  • Shrestha Rajendra Prasad, AIT (THA)
  • Jourdain Damien, CIRAD-ES-UMR G-EAU (THA)
  • Shivakoti Ganesh Prasad, AIT (THA)

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/575095/)

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