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Comparative milk and serum cholesterol content in dairy cow and camel

Faye Bernard, Bengoumi Mohammed, Al-Massaud Ali, Konuspayeva Gaukhar. 2015. Comparative milk and serum cholesterol content in dairy cow and camel. King Saud University Journal. Science, 27 (2) : pp. 168-175.

Journal article ; Article de revue à comité de lecture
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Abstract : In order to compare cholesterol contents in cow and camel milk in similar farming conditions, milk and blood of seven cows and seven camels maintained at normal diet at the middle of lactation were sampled at morning and evening, then after two weeks of keeping them at low protein diet. The cholesterol content in camel milk (5.64 ± 3.18 mg/100 g, SD) was not significantly lower than in cow milk (8.51 ± 9.07 mg/100 g, SD). Fat contents in cow milk were higher. Cholesterol/fat ratios were similar in the two species (camel: 225 ± 125 mg/100 g fat; cow: 211 ± 142 mg/100 g fat). The serum cholesterol concentration was significantly higher in cow (227.8 ± 60.5 mg/100 ml) than in camel (106.4 ± 28.9 mg/100 ml). There was a significant difference between morning and evening milking in milk fat compositions and concentrations in cholesterol. Fat levels increased in cow after two-week low energy-protein diet. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Lait de chamelle, Lait de vache, Composition chimique, Teneur en lipides, Cholestérol, Sang, Vache laitière, Dromadaire

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Arabie Saoudite

Mots-clés complémentaires : Camelus dromedarius

Classification Agris : L50 - Animal physiology and biochemistry
Q04 - Food composition

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 3 (2014-2018) - Alimentation durable

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Faye Bernard, CIRAD-ES-UMR SELMET (SAU)
  • Bengoumi Mohammed, FAO (TUN)
  • Al-Massaud Ali, Camel Project (SAU)
  • Konuspayeva Gaukhar, Al-Farabi Kazakh National University (KAZ)

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/575496/)

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