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Temporal variability in soil quality after organic residue application in mature oil palm plantations

Carron Marc-Philippe, Pierrat Mélodie, Snoeck Didier, Villenave Cécile, Ribeyre Fabienne, Suhardi, Marichal Raphaël, Caliman Jean-Pierre. 2015. Temporal variability in soil quality after organic residue application in mature oil palm plantations. Soil Research, 53 (2) : pp. 205-215.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Q2, Sujet : SOIL SCIENCE

Abstract : Despite the dramatic changes in land-use arising from expansion of the palm oil industry, soil biodiversity in oil palm plantations has been little investigated. The present study aims to assess the effect of organic waste recycling (empty fruit bunches, EFB) on soil biodiversity in a mature plantation in Sumatra, Indonesia. A chronosequence was delineated taking into account the time between the applications of EFB and soil sampling; intervals of 1, 3, 6, 12, 18 and 24 months were compared with control plots without EFB application. Soil physical and chemical characteristics and macrofauna and nematofauna populations were analysed. The findings highlighted three distinct periods: a first disturbance period (0-6 months) showing a marked increase in pH, potassium content, base saturation and macrofauna abundance, especially ants, whereas earthworm, millipede and nematode populations were substantially reduced; a resilience period (6-18 months); and a final period (18-24 months) showing an improvement in most soil fertility parameters and a high density of earthworms, millipedes and nematodes. The impact of EFB application on soil quality changed as a function of time, and the present results explain the apparent discrepancy of some previous published results. This research is the first stage towards developing new strategies for enhancing soil biodiversity and related services for sustainable oil palm cultivation. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Plantation, Elaeis guineensis, Fertilisation, Biodiversité, Biologie du sol, Déchet agricole, Utilisation des déchets, Engrais vert, Propriété physicochimique du sol, Fertilité du sol

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Indonésie, Sumatra

Classification Agris : P34 - Soil biology
F04 - Fertilizing
P35 - Soil fertility
P33 - Soil chemistry and physics

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2014-2018) - Agriculture écologiquement intensive

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Carron Marc-Philippe, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR Systèmes de pérennes (FRA)
  • Pierrat Mélodie, ISA de Lille (FRA)
  • Snoeck Didier, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR Systèmes de pérennes (FRA)
  • Villenave Cécile, Elisol-Environnement (FRA)
  • Ribeyre Fabienne, CIRAD-BIOS-UPR Bioagresseurs : analyse et maîtrise du risque (FRA)
  • Suhardi, SMART Research Institute (IDN)
  • Marichal Raphaël, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR Systèmes de pérennes (IDN)
  • Caliman Jean-Pierre, SMART Research Institute (IDN)

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/575774/)

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