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What makes Xanthomonas albilineans unique amongst xanthomonads?

Pieretti Isabelle, Pesic Alexander, Petras Daniel, Royer Monique, Süssmuth Roderich, Cociancich Stéphane. 2015. What makes Xanthomonas albilineans unique amongst xanthomonads?. Frontiers in Plant Science, 6 (289), 7 p.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact Revue en libre accès total
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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : PLANT SCIENCES

Abstract : Xanthomonas albilineans causes leaf scald, a lethal disease of sugarcane. Compared to other species of Xanthomonas, X. albilineans exhibits distinctive pathogenic mechanisms, ecology and taxonomy. Its genome, which has experienced significant erosion, has unique genomic features. It lacks two loci required for pathogenicity in other plant pathogenic species of Xanthomonas: the xanthan gum biosynthesis and the Hrp-T3SS (hypersensitive response and pathogenicity-type three secretion system) gene clusters. Instead, X. albilineans harbors in its genome an SPI-1 (Salmonella pathogenicity island-1) T3SS gene cluster usually found in animal pathogens. X. albilineans produces a potent DNA gyrase inhibitor called albicidin, which blocks chloroplast differentiation, resulting in the characteristic white foliar stripe symptoms. The antibacterial activity of albicidin also confers on X. albilineans a competitive advantage against rival bacteria during sugarcane colonization. Recent chemical studies have uncovered the unique structure of albicidin and allowed us to partially elucidate its fascinating biosynthesis apparatus, which involves an enigmatic hybrid PKS/NRPS (polyketide synthase/non-ribosomal peptide synthetase) machinery. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Xanthomonas albilineans, Saccharum officinarum, Toxine bactérienne, Biosynthèse, Génome, Ligase, Activité enzymatique

Mots-clés complémentaires : Albicidine

Classification Agris : H20 - Plant diseases
000 - Other themes

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2014-2018) - Santé des animaux et des plantes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Pieretti Isabelle, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR BGPI (FRA)
  • Pesic Alexander, Technische Universitaet Berlin (DEU)
  • Petras Daniel, Technische Universitaet Berlin (DEU)
  • Royer Monique, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR BGPI (FRA)
  • Süssmuth Roderich, Technische Universitaet Berlin (DEU)
  • Cociancich Stéphane, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR BGPI (FRA)

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/575852/)

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