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Genetic architecture of carbon isotope composition and growth in Eucalyptus across multiple environments

Bartholomé Jérôme, Mabiala André, Savelli Bruno, Bert Didier, Brendel Olivier, Plomion Christophe, Gion Jean-Marc. 2015. Genetic architecture of carbon isotope composition and growth in Eucalyptus across multiple environments. New Phytologist, 206 (4), n.spéc. Featured papers on 'Eucalyptus genome' : pp. 1437-1449.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Outlier, Sujet : PLANT SCIENCES

Abstract : In the context of climate change, the water-use efficiency (WUE) of highly productive tree varieties, such as eucalypts, has become a major issue for breeding programmes. This study set out to dissect the genetic architecture of carbon isotope composition (δ13C), a proxy of WUE, across several environments. A family of Eucalyptus urophylla × E. grandis was planted in three trials and phenotyped for δ13C and growth traits. High-resolution genetic maps enabled us to target genomic regions underlying δ13C quantitative trait loci (QTLs) on the E. grandis genome. Of the 15 QTLs identified for δ13C, nine were stable across the environments and three displayed significant QTL-by-environment interaction, suggesting medium to high genetic determinism for this trait. Only one colocalization was found between growth and δ13C. Gene ontology (GO) term enrichment analysis suggested candidate genes related to foliar δ13C, including two involved in the regulation of stomatal movements. This study provides the first report of the genetic architecture of δ13C and its relation to growth in Eucalyptus. The low correlations found between the two traits at phenotypic and genetic levels suggest the possibility of improving the WUE of Eucalyptus varieties without having an impact on breeding for growth. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Eucalyptus, Carbone, Génétique, Croissance

Classification Agris : F62 - Plant physiology - Growth and development
P01 - Nature conservation and land resources
F30 - Plant genetics and breeding

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2014-2018) - Agriculture écologiquement intensive

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Bartholomé Jérôme, INRA (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-0855-3828
  • Mabiala André, CRDPI (COG)
  • Savelli Bruno, CNRS (FRA)
  • Bert Didier, INRA (FRA)
  • Brendel Olivier, INRA (FRA)
  • Plomion Christophe, INRA (FRA)
  • Gion Jean-Marc, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/576053/)

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