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Effect of reverse osmosis concentration coupled with drying processes on polyphenols and antioxidant activity obtained from Tectona grandis leaf aqueous extracts

Koffi Emmanuel N., Meudec Emmanuelle, Adje Anoh Félix, Lozano Paul, Lozano Yves, Bekro Yves-Alain. 2015. Effect of reverse osmosis concentration coupled with drying processes on polyphenols and antioxidant activity obtained from Tectona grandis leaf aqueous extracts. Journal of Applied Research on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, 2 (2) : pp. 54-59.

Journal article ; Article de revue à comité de lecture
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Abstract : Tectona grandis leaf extracts obtained at pilot scale processes (ultrasound-assisted extraction, cross-flow microfiltration, reverse osmosis concentration) contains phenolic compounds that exhibit antioxidant properties. The final reverse osmosis concentrate extract presented higher content of polyphenol (21,080 ± 117 μmol g−1 GAE) and antioxidant capacity (8490 ± 29 μmol g−1 TE) comparatively to crude extract (1300 ± 12 μmol g−1 GAE for polyphenol and 430 ± 2 μmol g−1 TE for antioxidant activity) or cross flow microfiltration extract (1170 ± 10 μmol g−1 GAE for polyphenol and 400 ± 10 μmol g−1 TE for antioxidant). The concentration factors of polyphenol and antioxidant capacity were 18 and 21, respectively. High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) coupled to electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) detection negative ion mode has been used to identify and characterized polyphenols in the concentrate extract of T. grandis leaves. Seven phenolic acids and flavonoids were characterized. Verbascoside (phenolic acid) was described as the most abundant phenolic compounds in this concentrate extract. Two drying technologies (freeze-drying and spray-drying) were used to obtained stable powder from concentrate extract. The effect of these drying technologies on phenolic compounds and antioxidant activity were studied. Freeze-drying presented a good recovery of phenolic compounds and antioxidant capacity. This drying technology could be used for preservation of T. grandis extract. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Tectona grandis, Polyphénol, Osmose inverse, Antioxydant, Séchage par air froid, Extrait d'origine végétale, Concentration, Séchage

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Côte d'Ivoire, France

Classification Agris : K50 - Processing of forest products

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 2 (2014-2018) - Valorisation de la biomasse

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Koffi Emmanuel N., UNA [Université Nangui Abrogoua] (CIV)
  • Meudec Emmanuelle, INRA (FRA)
  • Adje Anoh Félix, INPHB (CIV)
  • Lozano Paul, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR ISEM (FRA)
  • Lozano Yves
  • Bekro Yves-Alain, UNA [Université Nangui Abrogoua] (CIV)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/576142/)

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