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Family farming around the world: definitions, contributions and public policies

Thirion Marie-Cécile, Bosc Pierre-Marie, Bélières Jean-François, Bonnal Philippe, Bosc Pierre-Marie, Losch Bruno, Marzin Jacques, Sourisseau Jean-Michel. 2015. Family farming around the world: definitions, contributions and public policies. Paris : AFD-CIRAD, 186 p. (A savoir, 28)

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Abstract : Family farms are central to both contemporary changes and contradictions in agriculture. They have been, and are still, the crucible for a whole host of agricultural innovations and major revolutions. They form the social basis of most Southern countries and contribute to supplying their local, national and international markets. Paradoxically, however, they constitute the vast majority of poor rural households which are also in a situation of food insecurity worldwide. They sometimes operate using specialised, and highly artificialised, intensified models (agrochemicals and mechanisation). In this respect, they do not escape the questions and criticism directed to agriculture and its capacity to meet the contemporary and widely globalised challenges of climate change, food security, the increasing scarcity of fossil fuels, and the prevention of emerging diseases. But family farms also provide alternative production models to conventional intensification – sustainable agriculture models or new energy sources – which differentiates them from corporate farms and can bring solutions to the world's food, social and environmental challenges. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Exploitation agricole familiale, Politique agricole, Politique de développement, Analyse économique, Analyse de système, Sociologie, Emploi, Pauvreté, sécurité alimentaire, Changement climatique, Politique de l'environnement, Ressource naturelle, Pays en développement, Étude de cas

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Monde

Mots-clés complémentaires : Politique publique

Classification Agris : A01 - Agriculture - General aspects
E80 - Home economics, industries and crafts
E14 - Development economics and policies
E10 - Agricultural economics and policies
P01 - Nature conservation and land resources
E50 - Rural sociology
E12 - Labour and employment
S01 - Human nutrition - General aspects

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 5 (2014-2018) - Action publique pour le développement

Editeurs scientifiques et affiliations

  • Thirion Marie-Cécile, AFD (FRA)
  • Bosc Pierre-Marie, CIRAD-ES-UMR MOISA (FRA)

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Bélières Jean-François, CIRAD-ES-UMR ART-DEV (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-8399-9045
  • Bonnal Philippe, CIRAD-ES-UMR ART-DEV (FRA)
  • Bosc Pierre-Marie, CIRAD-ES-UMR MOISA (FRA)
  • Losch Bruno, CIRAD-ES-UMR ART-DEV (FRA)
  • Marzin Jacques, CIRAD-ES-UMR ART-DEV (FRA)
  • Sourisseau Jean-Michel, CIRAD-ES-UMR ART-DEV (FRA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/576161/)

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