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Potential toxicity of [Alpha]-Cypermethrin-Treated nets on Tuta absoluta (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae)

Biondi Antonio, Zappala Lucia, Desneux Nicolas, Aparo A., Siscaro G., Rapisarda C., Martin Thibaud, Tropea Garzia Giovanna. 2015. Potential toxicity of [Alpha]-Cypermethrin-Treated nets on Tuta absoluta (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae). Journal of Economic Entomology, 108 (3) : pp. 1191-1197.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Q2, Sujet : ENTOMOLOGY

Abstract : Insect-proof nets are thought to be effective physical barriers to protect tomato crops against several insect pests, including the invasive tomato pest, Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae). However, protected tomato crops are frequently infested by this destructive pest, and there is a higher infestation of plants closer to openings in Mediterranean greenhouses, suggesting that immigrating adults can easily walk on these protective materials and find a way to reach the crop. Laboratory bioassays were carried out to characterize the potential toxicity of a -cypermethrin-treated insect-proof nets (Agronet) against T. absoluta adults. The data showed that the net acts mainly through a variety of chronic sublethal effects rather than acute ones. Reduced longevity and, more markedly, a reduced number of laid eggs were observed after the moths were exposed to the treated net over the du- ration of their lifetimes. A Y-tube experiment showed that the treated net does not affect the T. absoluta olfaction cues for host location. In contrast, when the moths were given the option to choose either the treated or the untreated net in laboratory cages, they significantly preferred the untreated one. The toxi- cological significance and the functional implications of these subtle effects for the implementation of in- tegrated T. absoluta management strategies are discussed. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Gelechiidae, Écran de protection, Lutte chimique, Pyréthrine, Efficacité d'utilisation, Toxicité, Solanum lycopersicum, Espèce envahissante, Olfaction, Tuta absoluta

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Sicile

Classification Agris : H10 - Pests of plants

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2014-2018) - Santé des animaux et des plantes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Biondi Antonio, Universita di Catania (ITA)
  • Zappala Lucia, Universita di Catania (ITA)
  • Desneux Nicolas, INRA (FRA)
  • Aparo A., Universita di Catania (ITA)
  • Siscaro G., Universita di Catania (ITA)
  • Rapisarda C., Universita di Catania (ITA)
  • Martin Thibaud, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR HortSys (KEN)
  • Tropea Garzia Giovanna, Universita di Catania (ITA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/576288/)

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