Comparative analysis of different retrieval methods for mapping grassland leaf area index using airborne imaging spectroscopy

Atzberger Clément, Darvishzadehl Roshanak, Immitzer Markus, Schlerf Martin, Skidmore Andrew, Le Maire Guerric. 2015. Comparative analysis of different retrieval methods for mapping grassland leaf area index using airborne imaging spectroscopy. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, 43 : pp. 19-31.

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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : REMOTE SENSING

Abstract : Fine scale maps of vegetation biophysical variables are useful status indicators for monitoring and managing national parks and endangered habitats. Here, we assess in a comparative way four different retrieval methods for estimating leaf area index (LAI) in grassland: two radiative transfer model (RTM) inversion methods (one based on look-up-tables (LUT) and one based on predictive equations) and two statistical modelling methods (one partly, the other entirely based on in situ data). For prediction, spectral data were used that had been acquired over Majella National Park in Italy by the airborne hyperspectral HyMap instrument. To assess the performance of the four investigated models, the normalized root mean squared error (nRMSE) and coefficient of determination (R2) between estimates and in situ LAI measurements are reported (n = 41). Using a jackknife approach, we also quantified the accuracy and robustness of empirical models as a function of the size of the available calibration data set. The results of the study demonstrate that the LUT-based RTM inversion yields higher accuracies for LAI estimation (R2 = 0.91, nRMSE = 0.18) as compared to RTM inversions based on predictive equations (R2 = 0.79, nRMSE = 0.38). The two statistical methods yield accuracies similar to the LUT method. However, as expected, the accuracy and robustness of the statistical models decrease when the size of the calibration database is reduced to fewer samples. The results of this study are of interest for the remote sensing community developing improved inversion schemes for spaceborne hyperspectral sensors applicable to different vegetation types. The examples provided in this paper may also serve as illustrations for the drawbacks and advantages of physical and empirical models. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Spectroscopie, Imagerie, Index de végétation, Surface foliaire, Indice de surface foliaire, Méthodologie, Modèle de simulation, Cartographie

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Italie

Classification Agris : F40 - Plant ecology
U30 - Research methods
U10 - Computer science, mathematics and statistics
P31 - Soil surveys and mapping

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 6 (2014-2018) - Sociétés, natures et territoires

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Atzberger Clément, BOKU (AUT)
  • Darvishzadehl Roshanak, University of Twente (NLD)
  • Immitzer Markus, BOKU (AUT)
  • Schlerf Martin, CRP Gabriel Lippmann (LUX)
  • Skidmore Andrew, University of Twente (NLD)
  • Le Maire Guerric, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Eco&Sols (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-5227-958X

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (

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