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Social organization and space use of a wild mandrill (Mandrillus sphinx) group

Brockmeyer Timo, Kappeler Peter M., Willaume Eric, Benoit Laure, Mboumba Sylvère, Charpentier Marie J.E.. 2015. Social organization and space use of a wild mandrill (Mandrillus sphinx) group. American Journal of Primatology, 77 : pp. 1036-1048.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Url - éditeur : http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ajp.22439/pdf

Quartile : Q1, Sujet : ZOOLOGY

Liste HCERES des revues (en SHS) : oui

Thème(s) HCERES des revues (en SHS) : Psychologie-éthologie-ergonomie

Abstract : Mandrills (Mandrillus sphinx) are enigmatic Old World primates whose social organization and ecology remain poorly known. Previous studies indicated, for example, that groups are composed of only adult females and their young or that several units composed of one adult male and several females make up larger permanent social units. Here, we present the first data on group composition and male ranging patterns from the only habituated wild mandrill group and examine how home range size and daily path length varied with environmental and demographic factors over a 15-month period. Our study site is located in southern Gabon where we followed the group on a daily basis, collecting data on presence, ranging, behavior, and parasite load of its individual members. Throughout the study, the group was made up of about 120 individuals, including several non-natal and natal adult and sub-adult males. One-male units were never observed. The mandrills traveled an estimated 0.44–6.50 km/day in a home range area of 866.7 ha. Exploratory analyses revealed that precipitation, the number of adult males present, and the richness of protozoan parasites were all positively correlated with daily path length. These results clarify the social system of mandrills and provide first insights into the factors that shape their ranging patterns. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Primate, Structure sociale, Écologie animale, Locomotion, Distribution spatiale, Comportement animal, génétique animale, Mâle

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Gabon

Mots-clés complémentaires : Mandrillus sphinx

Mots-clés libres : Space use, Social organization, Mandrill, Male ranging, Home range

Classification Agris : L20 - Animal ecology

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 6 (2014-2018) - Sociétés, natures et territoires

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Brockmeyer Timo, CEFE (FRA)
  • Kappeler Peter M., Leibniz Institute for Primate Research (DEU)
  • Willaume Eric, SODEPAL (GAB)
  • Benoit Laure, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR CBGP (FRA)
  • Mboumba Sylvère, Université des sciences et techniques de Masuku (GAB)
  • Charpentier Marie J.E., CNRS (FRA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/576876/)

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