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Eight principles of integrated pest management

Barzman Marco, Barberi Paolo, Birch A. Nicholas E., Boonekamp Piet, Dachbrodt-­Saaydeh Silke, Graf Benno, Hommel Bernd, Jensen Jens Erik, Kiss Jozsef, Kudsk Per, Lamichhane Jay Ram, Messéan Antoine, Moonen Camilla, Ratnadass Alain, Ricci Pierre, Sarah Jean-Louis, Sattin Maurizio. 2015. Eight principles of integrated pest management. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, 35 (4) : pp. 1199-1215.

Journal article ; Article de synthèse ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Outlier, Sujet : AGRONOMY / Quartile : Q1, Sujet : GREEN & SUSTAINABLE SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY (Science)

Abstract : The use of pesticides made it possible to increase yields, simplify cropping systems, and forego more complicated crop protection strategies. Over-reliance on chemical control, however, is associated with contamination of ecosystems and undesirable health effects. The future of crop production is now also threatened by emergence of pest resistance and declining availability of active substances. There is therefore a need to design cropping systems less dependent on synthetic pesticides. Consequently, the European Union requires the application of eight principles (P) of Integrated Pest Management that fit within sustainable farm management. Here, we propose to farmers, advisors, and researchers a dynamic and flexible approach that accounts for the diversity of farming situations and the complexities of agroecosystems and that can improve the resilience of cropping systems and our capacity to adapt crop protection to local realities. For each principle (P), we suggest that (P1) the design of inherently robust cropping systems using a combination of agronomic levers is key to prevention. (P2) Local availability of monitoring, warning, and forecasting systems is a reality to contend with. (P3) The decision-making process can integrate cropping system factors to develop longer-term strategies. (P4) The combination of non-chemical methods that may be individually less efficient than pesticides can generate valuable synergies. (P5) Development of new biological agents and products and the use of existing databases offer options for the selection of products minimizing impact on health, the environment, and biological regulation of pests. (P6) Reduced pesticide use can be effectively combined with other tactics. (P7) Addressing the root causes of pesticide resistance is the best way to find sustainable crop protection solutions. And (P8) integration of multi-season effects and trade-offs in evaluation criteria will help develop sustainable solutions. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Protection des plantes, Lutte chimique, Pesticide, Toxicité des pesticides, Protection de l'environnement, Santé publique, Lutte biologique, Résistance aux insecticides, agroécologie, Lutte intégrée, Gestion intégrée des ravageurs, Accord international

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Europe, Monde

Mots-clés libres : Groupe de recherche européen Endure, Protection intégrée des cultures

Classification Agris : H01 - Protection of plants - General aspects
T01 - Pollution
T10 - Occupational diseases and hazards

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2014-2018) - Santé des animaux et des plantes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Barzman Marco, INRA (FRA)
  • Barberi Paolo, Scuola Superiore Sant Anna (ITA)
  • Birch A. Nicholas E., The James Hutton Institute (GBR)
  • Boonekamp Piet, Wageningen University (NLD)
  • Dachbrodt-­Saaydeh Silke, JKI (DEU)
  • Graf Benno, ACW (CHE)
  • Hommel Bernd, JKI (DEU)
  • Jensen Jens Erik, SEGES (DNK)
  • Kiss Jozsef, Szent Istvan University (HUN)
  • Kudsk Per, Aarhus University (DNK)
  • Lamichhane Jay Ram, INRA (FRA)
  • Messéan Antoine, INRA (FRA)
  • Moonen Camilla, Scuola Superiore Sant Anna (ITA)
  • Ratnadass Alain, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR HortSys (REU) ORCID: 0000-0002-8873-5671
  • Ricci Pierre, INRA (FRA)
  • Sarah Jean-Louis, CIRAD-DGDRS (FRA)
  • Sattin Maurizio, IBAF (ITA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/577237/)

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