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Fungal endophytes of Vanilla planifolia across Réunion Island: isolation, distribution and biotransformation

Khoyratty Shahnoo, Dupont Joël, Lacoste Sandrine, Palama Tony Lionel, Young Hae Choi, Kim Hye Kyong, Payet Bertrand, Grisoni Michel, Fouillaud Mireille, Verpoorte Robert, Kodja Hippolyte. 2015. Fungal endophytes of Vanilla planifolia across Réunion Island: isolation, distribution and biotransformation. BMC Plant Biology, 15 (142), 19 p.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact Revue en libre accès total
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Url - jeu de données : http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/KR349521 / Url - jeu de données : https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.m5c7m

Quartile : Q1, Sujet : PLANT SCIENCES

Additional Information : Jeux de données enregistrés dans la base GenBank : MOTU1: KR349521, MOTU2: KR349522, MOTU3: KR349523, MOTU4: KR349524, MOTU5: KR349525, MOTU6: KR349526, MOTU7: KR349527, MOTU8: KR349528, MOTU9: KR349529, MOTU10: KR349530, MOTU11: KR349531, MOTU12: KR349532, MOTU13: KR349533, MOTU14: KR349534, MOTU15: KR349535, MOTU16: KR349536, MOTU17: KR349537, MOTU18: KR349538, MOTU19: KR349539, MOTU20: KR349540, MOTU21: KR349541, MOTU22: KR349542, MOTU23: KR349543.

Abstract : Background: The objective of the work was to characterize fungal endophytes from aerial parts of Vanilla planifolia. Also, to establish their biotransformation abilities of flavor-related metabolites. This was done in order to find a potential role of endophytes on vanilla flavors. Results: Twenty three MOTUs were obtained, representing 6 fungal classes. Fungi from green pods were cultured on mature green pod based media for 30 days followed by 1H NMR and HPLC-DAD analysis. All fungi from pods consumed metabolized vanilla flavor phenolics. Though Fusarium proliferatum was recovered more often (37.6 % of the isolates), it is Pestalotiopsis microspora (3.0 %) that increased the absolute amounts (quantified by 1H NMR in μmol/g DW green pods) of vanillin (37.0 × 10−3), vanillyl alcohol (100.0 × 10−3), vanillic acid (9.2 × 10−3) and p-hydroxybenzoic acid (87.9 × 10−3) by significant amounts. Conclusions: All plants studied contained endophytic fungi and the isolation of the endophytes was conducted from plant organs at nine sites in Réunion Island including under shade house and undergrowth conditions. Endophytic variation occured between cultivation practices and the type of organ. Given the physical proximity of fungi inside pods, endophytic biotransformation may contribute to the complexity of vanilla flavors. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Vanilla planifolia, Endophyte, Champignon, Composé de la flaveur, Composé aromatique, Métabolite, Bioconversion, Biodiversité, Fusarium proliferatum, Pestalotiopsis, Interactions biologiques, Fruit, Qualité, Pratique culturale

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Réunion

Mots-clés complémentaires : Pestalotiopsis microspora, Gousse de vanille

Classification Agris : F01 - Crop husbandry
F60 - Plant physiology and biochemistry
Q04 - Food composition

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2014-2018) - Santé des animaux et des plantes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Khoyratty Shahnoo, Université de la Réunion (REU)
  • Dupont Joël, MNHN (FRA)
  • Lacoste Sandrine, MNHN (FRA)
  • Palama Tony Lionel, Université de la Réunion (REU)
  • Young Hae Choi, Leiden University (NLD)
  • Kim Hye Kyong, Leiden University (NLD)
  • Payet Bertrand, Université de la Réunion (REU)
  • Grisoni Michel, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR PVBMT (REU)
  • Fouillaud Mireille, Université de la Réunion (REU)
  • Verpoorte Robert, Leiden University (NLD)
  • Kodja Hippolyte, Université de la Réunion (REU)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/577345/)

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