Impact of transport distance on stress biomarkers levels in dromedary camel (Camelus dromedaries)

El Khasmi Mohammed, Youssef C., Mohamed F., El Hassane Tahri, Fouad F., El Abbadi Najia, Rachidai Abdellatif, Faye Bernard. 2015. Impact of transport distance on stress biomarkers levels in dromedary camel (Camelus dromedaries). Veterinariâ, 42 (2), n.spéc. Silk road camel: The camelids, main stake for sustainable development : pp. 180-182. 4th Conference of the International Society of Camelid Research and Development/ISOCARD 2015. 4, Almaty, Kazakhstan, 8 June 2015/12 June 2015.

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Abstract : Impact of transport distance on stress biomarkers levels in dromedary camel (#Camelus dromedaries#) The welfare conditions of domestic animals during transport to the slaughterhouse are largely known able to influence the level of their stress, physiology and meat quality. Furthermore, the reaction of animals to stressors depends on the duration and intensity of these stressors. The objective of the study was to investigate the effect of transport distance on some blood physiological indicators of stress (haematocrit, haemolysis, cortisol, glucose and lactate) and biomarkers of oxidant stress (malondialdehyde and catalase) in camels. Transport distances were categorized as short (72-80km), medium (160- 170km) and long (350-360km) distance. All parameters analyzed here increased gradually and significantly (P<0.05) with transport distance, and that over longer distances these responses were more significant (P<0.005) compared with shortdistance. A positive correlation (P<0.001) was obtained between cortisol, glucose, lactate, malondialdéhyde and catalase. As conclusion, road transport is very stressful in camel, and the effects of this stress on the relevant indicators rising much with distance. Future work should focus on the effect of transport distance on some quality indicators of camel meat. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Dromadaire, Transport d'animaux, Stress, Stress oxydatif, mécanisme de défense, Hémolyse, Physiologie animale, Indicateur biologique, Évaluation de l'impact

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Maroc

Mots-clés complémentaires : Camelus dromedarius

Classification Agris : L50 - Animal physiology and biochemistry
J10 - Handling, transport, storage and protection of agricultural products

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2014-2018) - Agriculture écologiquement intensive

Auteurs et affiliations

  • El Khasmi Mohammed, Université Hassan 2 (MAR)
  • Youssef C., Université Hassan 2 (MAR)
  • Mohamed F., Université Hassan 2 (MAR)
  • El Hassane Tahri, Université Hassan 2 (MAR)
  • Fouad F., Université Hassan 2 (MAR)
  • El Abbadi Najia, CNESTEN (MAR)
  • Rachidai Abdellatif, Université Ibn Tofail (MAR)
  • Faye Bernard, CIRAD-ES-UMR SELMET (SAU)

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