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Active sexual reproduction but no sign of genetic diversity in range-edge populations of Vanilla roscheri Rchb. f. (Orchidaceae) in South Africa

Gigant Rodolphe, De Bruyn Alexandre, Church Brigitte, Humeau Laurence, Gauvin-Bialecki Anne, Pailler Thierry, Grisoni Michel, Besse Pascale. 2014. Active sexual reproduction but no sign of genetic diversity in range-edge populations of Vanilla roscheri Rchb. f. (Orchidaceae) in South Africa. Conservation Genetics, 15 (6) : pp. 1403-1415.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Q2, Sujet : BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION / Quartile : Q3, Sujet : GENETICS & HEREDITY

Liste HCERES des revues (en SHS) : oui

Thème(s) HCERES des revues (en SHS) : Psychologie-éthologie-ergonomie

Abstract : In South Africa, the wild leafless Vanilla roscheri Rchb. f. (Orchidaceae) is distributed only on the banks of the Lake Sibaya in KwaZulu-Natal Coastal Forest in the iSimangaliso Wetland Park. It is the southernmost vanilloid orchid on the African continent and a species of high conservation priority with little understanding of its reproductive biology and levels of genetic diversity. Mating systems and pollination ecology of the species were assessed by in situ experiments, in addition to genotyping plants at 16 microsatellite markers. Allogamous but self-compatible, V. roscheri depends on pollinators to achieve sexual reproduction. Its natural fruit set (26.3 %) is the highest reported for a non-spontaneously self-pollinating Vanilla species. It was associated with numerous flower visitors including two female allodapine bees (Allodapula variegata and Allodape rufogastra, Xylocopinae), captured with pollinia stored on the hind legs, and one female anthophorine bee. On the other hand, we report an absence of genetic diversity and homozygosity of the South-African populations of V. roscheri for all the genetic markers. Given the preferential outbreeding, the high natural fruit set and the pollinator/visitor richness of V. roscheri in Sibaya, a high level of genetic diversity was expected, but this was not the case. We detected a counterintuitive situation between the results of reproductive biology and genetics, making sense once the population situation on the margins of the species distribution is included. The null diversity expressed through the homozygous monomorphic markers is a consequence of the range-edge localization of the populations, which may have been subjected to severe bottlenecks (due to long distance colonization or fragmentation) along with inbreeding, in the past. The analysis highlights the complementarity of the approaches for which the implications in terms of conservation of the species in South Africa are discussed. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Vanilla, Variation génétique, Reproduction sexuée, Dynamique des populations, Génétique des populations, Plante sauvage, Conservation des ressources génétiques, Pollinisateur, Pollinisation, Anatomie végétale, Écologie

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Afrique du Sud

Mots-clés complémentaires : Vanilla roscheri

Classification Agris : F30 - Plant genetics and breeding
F63 - Plant physiology - Reproduction
F40 - Plant ecology
F70 - Plant taxonomy and geography

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2014-2018) - Agriculture écologiquement intensive

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Gigant Rodolphe, Université de la Réunion (REU)
  • De Bruyn Alexandre, Université de la Réunion (REU)
  • Church Brigitte, University of KwaZulu-Natal (ZAF)
  • Humeau Laurence, Université de la Réunion (REU)
  • Gauvin-Bialecki Anne, Université de la Réunion (REU)
  • Pailler Thierry, Université de la Réunion (REU)
  • Grisoni Michel, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR PVBMT (REU)
  • Besse Pascale, Université de la Réunion (REU)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/577454/)

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