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Grassland management history affects the response of the nematode community to changes in above-ground grazing regime

Villenave Cécile, Saj Stéphane, Attard Eléonore, Klumpp Katja, Le Roux Xavier. 2011. Grassland management history affects the response of the nematode community to changes in above-ground grazing regime. Nematology, 13 (8) : pp. 995-1008.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Q3, Sujet : ZOOLOGY

Abstract : Changes in grassland management induce disturbances that influence both soil functioning and soil fauna. This study aimed at determining the extent to which the composition of a grassland soil nematode community could be altered by a shift of grazing regime and the potential feedback that these alterations could provoke on grassland functioning. Therefore, we monitored the composition of the soil nematode community (i.e., plant-, bacterial- and fungal-feeders, omnivores and carnivores) of mesocosms that were sampled from two contrasted long-term field trials (high vs low grazing treatments) and subsequently subjected to high or no grazing for 2 years. The soil nematofauna responded faster and more strongly to the application of an intensive grazing regime on a previously extensively exploited system than the other way round. The application of an intensive grazing regime induced a significant increase in numbers of bacterial feeders and a decrease of the relative abundance of fungal-feeding nematodes. The nematofaunal community structure was determined by both the past and current grazing regimes throughout the 2 years of monitoring. Observed effects on soil microbivores seemed to reflect the 'immediate' above-ground primary production potential and to follow micro-organism dynamics. On the other hand, observed effects on root-feeding nematodes seemed to reflect the integral effect of past and current grazing regimes on plant community root biomass and quality. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Pâturages, Nematoda, Micro-organisme du sol, Biologie du sol, Interactions biologiques, Intensité de pâturage, Conduite des herbages, Pâturage, Défoliation, Indicateur écologique, Plante pour herbage

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Bretagne

Classification Agris : P34 - Soil biology
L02 - Animal feeding
F08 - Cropping patterns and systems

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2005-2013) - Intensification écologique

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Villenave Cécile, IRD (FRA)
  • Saj Stéphane, ISA de Lille (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0001-5856-5459
  • Attard Eléonore, CNRS (FRA)
  • Klumpp Katja, INRA (FRA)
  • Le Roux Xavier, CNRS (FRA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/577518/)

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