Ecosystem-based adaptation address the adaptation needs of smallholder farmers? Insights from smallholder coffee and subsistence farmers in Central America

Harvey Celia A., Alpizar Francisco, Avelino Jacques, Bautista Solis Pavel, Cardenas Adriana, Donatti Camila I., Martinez-Rodriguez Milagro, Rapidel Bruno, Saborio Milagro, Vignola Raffaele, Viguera Barbara. 2015. Ecosystem-based adaptation address the adaptation needs of smallholder farmers? Insights from smallholder coffee and subsistence farmers in Central America. In : 27th International Congress for Conservation Biology and 4th European Congress for Conservation Biology (Abstract book). Montpellier : Society for conservation biology, pp. 289-290. International Congress for Conservation Biology. 27, Montpellier, France, 2 August 2015/6 August 2015.

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Abstract : In many regions, climate change is having significant adverse impacts on the agricultural production and livelihoods of smallholder farmers, with important consequences for global food security.. Helping smallholder farmers adapt to climate change has therefore become a priority for many of donors and governments. Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbA, de!ned as the use of ecosystem services and biodiversity as part of an overall adaptation strategy to help people adapt to the effects of climate change) is one approach that could help smallholder farmers, yet there is still limited knowledge on whether EbA can meet the adaptation needs of smallholder farmers. Here, we provide an overview of what EbA means in the context of smallholder agricultural production. Drawing on expert surveys, !eld work and household surveys of smallholder co"ee and subsistence farmers in Central America, we provide examples of EbA strategies that are suitable for smallholder farmers, characterize how farmers are implementing these strategies, and provide insights into the perceived advantages and drawbacks of different practices for reducing farmer vulnerability. Our study highlights that many agricultural practices that smallholder farmers already use (e.g., agroforestry systems, soil conservation practices, live fences) can be considered EbA, as they are based on the management of biodiversity and ecosystem services and t help and enhance the resilience of agricultural systems. Most smallholder farmers are aware of the relative benefits of EbA practices, but also acknowledge important constraints, such as the cost of setting up the practices and maintenance, and limited financial, technical and political support. Scaling up the use of EbA through targeted government policies, extension services and farmer programs could not only help smallholder farmers adapt to climate change, but also ensure healthy, sustainable agroecosystems that sustain local livelihoods. (Résumé d'auteur)

Classification Agris : P40 - Meteorology and climatology
E80 - Home economics, industries and crafts
F08 - Cropping patterns and systems
P01 - Nature conservation and land resources

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Harvey Celia A., Conservation International (USA)
  • Alpizar Francisco, CATIE (CRI)
  • Avelino Jacques, CIRAD-BIOS-UPR Bioagresseurs : analyse et maîtrise du risque (CRI) ORCID: 0000-0003-1983-9431
  • Bautista Solis Pavel, CATIE (CRI)
  • Cardenas Adriana, CATIE (CRI)
  • Donatti Camila I., Conservation International (USA)
  • Martinez-Rodriguez Milagro, Conservation International (USA)
  • Rapidel Bruno, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR SYSTEM (CRI) ORCID: 0000-0003-0288-5650
  • Saborio Milagro, CATIE (CRI)
  • Vignola Raffaele, CATIE (CRI)
  • Viguera Barbara, CATIE (CRI)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (

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