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Whole blood transcriptome analysis of Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides-infected cattle confirms immunosuppression but does not reflect local inflammation

Rodrigues Valérie, Holzmuller Philippe, Puech Carinne, Wesonga Hezron, Thiaucourt François, Manso-Silvan Lucia. 2015. Whole blood transcriptome analysis of Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides-infected cattle confirms immunosuppression but does not reflect local inflammation. PloS One, 10 (10):e0139678, 18 p.

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Url - jeu de données : http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE70059

Quartile : Q1, Sujet : MULTIDISCIPLINARY SCIENCES

Liste HCERES des revues (en SHS) : oui

Thème(s) HCERES des revues (en SHS) : Psychologie-éthologie-ergonomie; Staps

Abstract : Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP), caused by Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides (Mmm) , is a severe respiratory disease of cattle responsible for major economic losses in sub-Saharan Africa. Disease control relies mainly on the use of empirically attenu- ated vaccines that provide limited protection. Thus, understanding the virulence mechanisms used by Mmm as well as the role of the host immune system in disease development, persis- tence, and control is a prerequisite for the development of new, rationally designed control strategies. The aim of this study was to assess the use of whole blood transcriptome analysis to study cattle- Mmm interactions, starting by the characterization of the bovine response to Mmm infection during the acute form of the disease. For that purpose, we compared the tran- scriptome profile of whole blood from six cattle, before challenge by contact with Mmm - infected animals and at the appearance of first clinical signs, using a bovine microarray. Func- tional analysis revealed that 680 annotated genes were differentially expressed, with an over- whelming majority of down-regulated genes characterizing an immunosuppression. The main bio-functions affected were “ organismal survival ” , “ cellular development , morphology and functions ” and “ cell-to cell signaling and interactions ” . These affected functions were consis- tent with the results of previous in vitro immunological studies. However, microarray and qPCR validation results did not highlight pro-inflammatory molecules (such as TNF α , TLR2, IL-12B and IL-6), whereas inflammation is one of the most characteristic traits of acute CBPP. This global gene expression pattern may be considered as the result, in blood, of the local pulmo- nary response and the systemic events occurring during acute CBPP. Nevertheless, to under- stand the immune events occurring during disease, detailed analyses on the different immune cell subpopulations, either in vivo , at the local site, or in vitro , will be required. Whole blood tran- scriptome analysis remains an interesting approach for the identification of bio-signatures cor- relating to recovery and protection, which should facilitate the evaluation and validation of novel vaccine formulations. (Résumé d'auteur)

Classification Agris : L73 - Animal diseases

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2014-2018) - Santé des animaux et des plantes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Rodrigues Valérie, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR CMAEE (FRA)
  • Holzmuller Philippe, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR CMAEE (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-8919-9081
  • Puech Carinne, INRA (FRA)
  • Wesonga Hezron, KARI (KEN)
  • Thiaucourt François, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR CMAEE (FRA)
  • Manso-Silvan Lucia, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR CMAEE (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-5539-3804

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/577625/)

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