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Field phenomics for response of a rice diversity panel to ten environments in Senegal and Madagascar. 1. Plant phenological traits

Dingkuhn Michael, Sow Abdoulaye, Manneh Baboucarr, Radanielina Tendro, Raboin Louis-Marie, Dusserre Julie, Ramantsoanirina Alain, Shrestha Suchit, Ahmadi Nourollah, Courtois Brigitte. 2015. Field phenomics for response of a rice diversity panel to ten environments in Senegal and Madagascar. 1. Plant phenological traits. Field Crops Research, 183 : pp. 342-355.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : AGRONOMY

Abstract : The GRiSP Global Rice Phenotyping Network seeks to assemble a multi-environment, multi-trait phenomics resource for rice (Oryza sativa L.) diversity panels in order to understand existing genetic diversity and identify genes/alleles conveying adaptation and yield potential. Phenology is central to plant adaptation and productivity in different agro-ecologies. We studied a panel of 209 accessions, including 189 indica types and 20 acc. representing other genetic groups. The panel was field-phenotyped under flooded conditions for duration to flowering (F) for 6 sowing dates in Senegal (capturing different thermal and day length regimes) and during two years at two altitudes (mid, 857 m asl; high, 1497 m asl; with similar latitude) in Madagascar. The experiments had an augmented design in Senegal (6 blocks × 6 dates as subplots and 209 acc. as sub-subplot) with 4 replicated check varieties; and a complete block design with 3 replications at 2 sites × 2 years in Madagascar. To dissociate different traits contributing to variation of F, five genotypic Index Variables were calculated. Among them, PCA identified three as describing 98% of diversity: Estimated basic vegetative phase (BVP), photoperiod (PP) sensitivity, and altitude response. Three clusters were identified within the indica group and related to genotype origin, agronomic type and ecosystem of adaptation. Cluster C1 was PP-sensitive, C2 had short BVP and C3 had long BVP. Within C1, a sub-cluster was highly altitude sensitive, and within C3 two sub-clusters were comparatively altitude insensitive. Harvest index (HI), aboveground dw and stem height observed in the most favorable environment (Senegal wet season) showed distinct patterns among clusters, with C2 having high HI and C1 being tall. The phenomics resources will be further analyzed using a crop model and genome-wide association (GWA) studies. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Oryza sativa, Intéraction génotype environnement, Phénotype, Floraison, Photopériodicité, Variation génétique, Adaptation, Rendement des cultures, Facteur du milieu, Région d'altitude, Facteur écologique, Modélisation des cultures, Anatomie végétale, date de semis, Système de culture, Adaptation physiologique, agrobiodiversité

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Sénégal, Madagascar

Classification Agris : F30 - Plant genetics and breeding
F50 - Plant structure
F60 - Plant physiology and biochemistry

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2014-2018) - Agriculture écologiquement intensive

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Dingkuhn Michael, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (PHL)
  • Sow Abdoulaye, Centre du riz pour l'Afrique (SEN)
  • Manneh Baboucarr, Centre du riz pour l'Afrique (SEN)
  • Radanielina Tendro, Université d'Antananarivo (MDG)
  • Raboin Louis-Marie, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR AIDA (FRA)
  • Dusserre Julie, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR AIDA (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-4971-8799
  • Ramantsoanirina Alain, FOFIFA (MDG)
  • Shrestha Suchit, IRRI (PHL)
  • Ahmadi Nourollah, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0003-0072-6285
  • Courtois Brigitte, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0003-2118-7102

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/577742/)

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