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What aspects of future rainfall changes matter for crop yields in West Africa?

Guan Kaiyu, Sultan Benjamin, Biasutti Michela, Baron Christian, Lobell David B.. 2015. What aspects of future rainfall changes matter for crop yields in West Africa?. Geophysical Research Letters, 42 (19) : pp. 8001-8010.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : GEOSCIENCES, MULTIDISCIPLINARY

Abstract : How rainfall arrives, in terms of its frequency, intensity, the timing and duration of rainy season, may have a large influence on rainfed agriculture. However, a thorough assessment of these effects is largely missing. This study combines a new synthetic rainfall model and two independently validated crop models (APSIM and SARRA-H) to assess sorghum yield response to possible shifts in seasonal rainfall characteristics in West Africa. We find that shifts in total rainfall amount primarily drive the rainfall-related crop yield change, with less relevance to intraseasonal rainfall features. However, dry regions (total annual rainfall below 500 mm/yr) have a high sensitivity to rainfall frequency and intensity, and more intense rainfall events have greater benefits for crop yield than more frequent rainfall. Delayed monsoon onset may negatively impact yields. Our study implies that future changes in seasonal rainfall characteristics should be considered in designing specific crop adaptations in West Africa. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Sorghum bicolor

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Afrique occidentale

Classification Agris : P40 - Meteorology and climatology
F01 - Crops

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2014-2018) - Agriculture écologiquement intensive

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Guan Kaiyu, Stanford University (USA)
  • Sultan Benjamin, CNRS (FRA)
  • Biasutti Michela, Columbia University (USA)
  • Baron Christian, CIRAD-ES-UMR TETIS (FRA)
  • Lobell David B., Stanford University (USA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/577896/)

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