A systematic scoping study of the socio-economic impact of rift valley fever: research gaps and needs

Peyre Marie-Isabelle, Chevalier Véronique, Abdo-Salem Shaïf, Velthuis A., Antoine-Moussiaux Nicolas, Thiry Etienne, Roger François. 2015. A systematic scoping study of the socio-economic impact of rift valley fever: research gaps and needs. Zoonoses and Public Health, 62 (5) : pp. 309-325.

Journal article ; Article de synthèse ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
Published version - Anglais
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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : VETERINARY SCIENCES / Quartile : Q2, Sujet : INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Abstract : Rift Valley fever (RVF) is a severe mosquito-borne disease affecting humans and domestic ruminants. RVF virus has been reported in most African countries, as well as in the Arabic Peninsula. This paper reviews the different types of socio-economic impact induced by RVF disease and the attempts to evaluate them. Of the 52 papers selected for this review, 13 types of socio-economic impact were identified according to the sector impacted, the level and temporal scale of the impact. RVF has a dramatic impact on producers and livestock industries, affecting public and animal health, food security and the livelihood of the pastoralist communities. RVF also has an impact on international trade and other agro-industries. The risk of introducing RVF into disease-free countries via the importation of an infected animal or mosquito is real, and the consequent restriction of access to export markets may induce dramatic economic consequences for national and local economies. Despite the important threat of RVF, few studies have been conducted to assess the socio-economic impact of the disease. The 17 studies identified for quantitative analysis in this review relied only on partial cost analysis, with limited reference to mid- and long-term impact, public health or risk mitigation measures. However, the estimated impacts were high (ranging from $5 to $470 million USD losses). To reduce the impact of RVF, early detection and rapid response should be implemented. Comprehensive disease impact studies are required to provide decision-makers with science-based information on the best intervention measure to implement ensuring efficient resource allocation. Through the analysis of RVF socio-economic impact, this scoping study proposes insights into the mechanisms underpinning its often-underestimated importance. This study highlights the need for comparative socio-economic studies to help decision-makers with their choices related to RVF disease management. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Virus de la fièvre de la vallée du Rift, Évaluation de l'impact, Analyse économique, Environnement socioéconomique, zoonose, Fièvre de la Vallée du Rift

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Afrique, Afrique du Sud, Égypte, Kenya, Zimbabwe, Arabie Saoudite, Yémen, Somalie, République-Unie de Tanzanie, Madagascar, Soudan, Afrique orientale

Mots-clés libres : Arabic Peninsula, Economic impact, Horn of Africa, Rift Valley fever, Zoonotic disease

Classification Agris : L73 - Animal diseases
E50 - Rural sociology
E16 - Production economics

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2014-2018) - Santé des animaux et des plantes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Peyre Marie-Isabelle, CIRAD-ES-UPR AGIRs (VNM) ORCID: 0000-0002-0887-3418
  • Chevalier Véronique, CIRAD-ES-UPR AGIRs (FRA)
  • Abdo-Salem Shaïf, University of Dhamar (YEM)
  • Velthuis A., Wageningen University (NLD)
  • Antoine-Moussiaux Nicolas, Université de Liège (BEL)
  • Thiry Etienne, Université de Liège (BEL)
  • Roger François, CIRAD-ES-UPR AGIRs (THA) ORCID: 0000-0002-1573-6833

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (

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