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Interventions for avian influenza A (H5N1) risk management in live bird market networks

Interventions for avian influenza A (H5N1) risk management in live bird market networks. Fournié Guillaume, Guitian Javier, Desvaux Stéphanie, Cuong Vu C., Dung Do Huu, Pfeiffer Dirk Udo, Mangtani Punam, Ghani Azra C.. 2013. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110 (22) : 9177-9182.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1220815110

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PNAS-2013-Fournié-9177-82.pdf

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Jeu de données : http://www.pnas.org/content/suppl/2013/05/01/1220815110.DCSupplemental

Article de revue ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact

Quartile : Outlier, Sujet : MULTIDISCIPLINARY SCIENCES

Liste HCERES des revues (en SHS) : oui

Thème(s) HCERES des revues (en SHS) : Economie-gestion; Psychologie-éthologie-ergonomie

Résumé : Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus subtype H5N1 is endemic in Asia, with live bird trade as a major disease transmission pathway. A cross-sectional survey was undertaken in northern Vietnam to investigate the structure of the live bird market (LBM) contact network and the implications for virus spread. Based on the movements of traders between LBMs, weighted and directed networks were constructed and used for social network analysis and individual-based modeling. Most LBMs were connected to one another, suggesting that the LBM network may support large-scale disease spread. Because of cross-border trade, it also may promote transboundary virus circulation. However, opportunities for disease control do exist. The implementation of thorough, daily disinfection of the market environment as well as of traders' vehicles and equipment in only a small number of hubs can disconnect the network dramatically, preventing disease spread. These targeted interventions would be an effective alternative to the current policy of a complete ban of LBMs in some areas. Some LBMs that have been banned still are very active, and they likely have a substantial impact on disease dynamics, exhibiting the highest levels of susceptibility and infectiousness. The number of trader visits to markets, information that can be collected quickly and easily, may be used to identify LBMs suitable for implementing interventions. This would not require prior knowledge of the force of infection, for which laboratory-confirmed surveillance would be necessary. These findings are of particular relevance for policy development in resource-scarce settings. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Influenzavirus aviaire, Enquête pathologique, Transmission des maladies, Modèle de simulation, Commercialisation, Marché, Contrôle de maladies, Système d'information, Surveillance épidémiologique, Gestion du risque, Oiseau, Bétail, Zoonose

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Viet Nam

Mots-clés complémentaires : Grippe aviaire

Mots-clés libres : livestock disease; avian influenza; questionnaire survey; transmission model; zoonotic disease

Classification Agris : L73 - Maladies des animaux
L72 - Organismes nuisibles des animaux
E70 - Commerce, commercialisation et distribution

Axe stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2005-2013) - Santé animale et maladies émergentes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Fournié Guillaume, University of London (GBR)
  • Guitian Javier, Royal Veterinary College (GBR)
  • Desvaux Stéphanie, CIRAD-ES-UPR AGIRs (FRA)
  • Cuong Vu C., National Institute of Animal Sciences (VNM)
  • Dung Do Huu, DAH (VNM)
  • Pfeiffer Dirk Udo, Royal Veterinary College (GBR)
  • Mangtani Punam, School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (GBR)
  • Ghani Azra C., MRC (GBR)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop

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