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Annual cash income from community forest management in the Brazilian Amazon: Challenges for the future

Piketty Marie-Gabrielle, Drigo Isabel, Sablayrolles Philippe, Araujo de Aquino Evandro, Pena Driss, Sist Plinio. 2015. Annual cash income from community forest management in the Brazilian Amazon: Challenges for the future. Forests, 6 (11) : pp. 4228-4244.

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Quartile : Q2, Sujet : FORESTRY

Abstract : Community forest management (CFM) is considered an alternative way to protect forests while providing income for smallholders. Since the mid-1990s, the number of CFM projects has rapidly increased in the Brazilian Amazon, although most of them still face several difficulties. In this paper, we discuss the obstacles to the financial viability of CFM in this region and propose some ways to overcome them. Based on evidence from five case studies, we assess the extent to which sustainable forest management for commercial timber production contributes to smallholder income. We show that harvesting timber only provides a limited cash income to smallholders, even though forest covers 80% of their landholding. Market access to timber is very uncertain and smallholder communities often fail to make a profit from their timber. Minimum remunerative public prices and support for timber marketing are thus needed. Simpler and more flexible procedures are required to reduce the high transaction costs of obtaining a permit and increase smallholder involvement in legal forest management for commercial purposes. Finally, a better assessment of timber potential in smallholder forest reserves through systematic inventories would be useful to avoid arousing false expectations. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : forêt tropicale, Aménagement forestier, Communauté rurale, Petite exploitation agricole, Abattage d'arbres, Développement durable, protection de la forêt, Participation communautaire, gestion des ressources naturelles, Législation, Réglementation forestière, certification, Marché, Bois, Revenu forestier

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Brésil

Classification Agris : K01 - Forestry - General aspects
K10 - Forestry production
P01 - Nature conservation and land resources
E14 - Development economics and policies
E50 - Rural sociology

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 6 (2014-2018) - Sociétés, natures et territoires

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Piketty Marie-Gabrielle, CIRAD-ES-UPR GREEN (FRA)
  • Drigo Isabel, Nexus Socioambiental (BRA)
  • Sablayrolles Philippe, GRET (BRA)
  • Araujo de Aquino Evandro, Cooperfloresta (BRA)
  • Pena Driss, Amapa State University (BRA)
  • Sist Plinio, CIRAD-ES-UPR BSef (FRA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/578553/)

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