Natural root suckering of Sclerocarya birrea (A. Rich.) Hochst. in Togo

Agbogan Akouèthê, Tozo Koffi, Wala Kperkouma, Bellefontaine Ronald, Bammite Damigou, Dourma Marra, Akpavi Sêmihinva, Woegan Yao Agbelessessi, Akpagana Koffi. 2015. Natural root suckering of Sclerocarya birrea (A. Rich.) Hochst. in Togo. Journal of Agriculture and Environment for International Development, 109 (2) : pp. 209-220.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à comité de lecture Revue en libre accès total
Published version - Anglais
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Agbogan 2015 JAE Nat root suckering Scleroc bir 2015.pdf

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Abstract : Knowing how well fruit species root sucker naturally, can be used to start development programs, based on methods to multiply vegetatively, which do not cost much, especially in zones of adverse pedoclimatic and socioeconomic conditions. This study was carried out on the densities of natural root suckers of S. birrea in three areas (reserved forests, mature and new fallows), as well as on particular characteristics of these root suckers. This up to date study shows that the amount of root suckers in the mature fallows (34.28 ± 22.28 root suckers / ha) is significantly superior (p = 0.005) to those of the new fallows (12.36 ± 7.98 root suckers / ha). 41.1% of mature S. birrea produces some, and more than 70 % of the mature ones, which root sucker, have 1 to 3 suckers. Half of the root suckers are carried by roots with a diameter between 2 and 4 cm. Under the crown of the mother plants, we can count 41 % of the root suckers, whereas the rest grow in the full light. Less than 17 % escaped by creating adventitious roots. These root suckers ability could be used for woodland management. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Agroforesterie, Arbre à buts multiples, Arbre fruitier, Multiplication végétative, Drageonnage, Régénération artificielle, Jachère forestière, Dynamique des populations, Espacement, Production forestière

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Togo

Mots-clés complémentaires : Sclerocarya birrea

Mots-clés libres : Régénération, Dynamique de régénération, Drageonnage, Multiplication végétative, Induction artificielle de drageons, Agroforesterie, Togo

Classification Agris : K10 - Forestry production
F02 - Plant propagation
F08 - Cropping patterns and systems

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2014-2018) - Agriculture écologiquement intensive

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Agbogan Akouèthê, Université de Lomé (TGO)
  • Tozo Koffi, Université de Lomé (TGO)
  • Wala Kperkouma, Université de Lomé (TGO)
  • Bellefontaine Ronald, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA)
  • Bammite Damigou, Université de Lomé (TGO)
  • Dourma Marra, Université de Lomé (TGO)
  • Akpavi Sêmihinva, Université de Lomé (TGO)
  • Woegan Yao Agbelessessi, Université de Lomé (TGO)
  • Akpagana Koffi, Université de Lomé (TGO)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (

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