Contribution of molecular biology and physiology to climate-smart natural rubber production

Montoro Pascal, Tang Chaorong, Saha Thakurdas, Annamalainathan K., Ismawanto Sigit, Nayanakantha N.M.C., Phumichai Thitaporn. 2015. Contribution of molecular biology and physiology to climate-smart natural rubber production. In : Proceedings International Rubber Conference 2015: Productivity and quality towards a sustainable and profitable natural rubber sector. Le Quang Khoi (ed.). IRRDB, RRIV. Ho Chi Minh City : Agricultural Publishing House, pp. 101-107. ISBN 978-604-60-2156-8 International Rubber Conference 2015, Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam, 2 November 2015/3 November 2015.

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Abstract : Molecular biology and physiology studies have led to a better understanding of Hevea biological functions. Thanks to biotechnology and new generation of sequencing techniques, some applications are available for breeding and clonal propagation. This paper aims to discuss the relevance of these research activities with regard to the main issues and challenges for natural rubber production. Sustainable rubber production is facing challenges towards adaptation to climate change and overcome environmental degradation. Objectives of the Climate-Smart Agriculture should deal with integration of agro-ecology and management of both Hevea genetic resources and ecosystem services provided by rubber plantations. Inputs of molecular biology and physiology are reviewed in this paper in order to highlight crucial issues for accelerating and optimizing the conservation of Hevea genetic resources, adaptation of Hevea clones to abiotic and biotic stress, improvement of the quality of planting material, production of a higher quality of NR and new latex products, and assessment of plantation biodiversity and ecosystem functions. (Résumé d'auteur)

Classification Agris : F01 - Crop husbandry
F61 - Plant physiology - Nutrition
F30 - Plant genetics and breeding
P40 - Meteorology and climatology

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Montoro Pascal, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA)
  • Tang Chaorong, Rubber Research Institute (CHN)
  • Saha Thakurdas, RRII (IND)
  • Annamalainathan K., RRII (IND)
  • Ismawanto Sigit, IRRI (IDN)
  • Nayanakantha N.M.C., RRISL (LKA)
  • Phumichai Thitaporn, RRIT (THA)

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