Effects of harvest frequency on leaf biomass and triterpenoid content of Centella asiatica (L.) Urb from Madagascar

Rahajanirina Voninavoko, Faramalala Miadana Harisoa, Roger Edmond, Zebrowski Cyrille, Leong Pock Tsy Jean-Michel, Danthu Pascal. 2016. Effects of harvest frequency on leaf biomass and triterpenoid content of Centella asiatica (L.) Urb from Madagascar. Journal of Medical and Biological Science Research, 2 (1) : pp. 1-8.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à comité de lecture
Published version - Anglais
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Abstract : Centella asiatica, is a wild plant used extensively for its healing properties. In order to establish a rational management, the present study evaluates the effects of time and rate of collection on biomass yield and content of active ingredients. Six collection frequencies were considered (monthly, bi monthly, quarterly, four-monthly, semi-annual and annual). This study shows that the yield of leaf biomass and content of active ingredients vary seasonally according to rainfall, increasing during the rainy season (November to April).The reconstruction of the biomass is maximal if collections are spaced at least three to four months apart. The annual recurrence of repetitive collections causes a loss of productivity of leaf biomass, is significant in the second year of operation. These results offer the best compromise between least effort required for gathering by farmers and greatest yield of biomass and active material, advocating a rate of quarterly collection during the rainy season. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Apiaceae, Pratique culturale, Récolte, Feuille, Variation saisonnière, Biomasse, Triterpénoïde, Composition chimique, Rendement des cultures, Facteur climatique, date de récolte, Plante médicinale

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Madagascar

Mots-clés complémentaires : Centella asiatica

Mots-clés libres : Centella asiatica, Inter-annual variability, Seasonal variability, Biomass, Triterpenoids, Madagascar

Classification Agris : F01 - Crop husbandry
F60 - Plant physiology and biochemistry
F62 - Plant physiology - Growth and development

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2014-2018) - Agriculture écologiquement intensive

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Rahajanirina Voninavoko, Université d'Antananarivo (MDG)
  • Faramalala Miadana Harisoa, Université d'Antananarivo (MDG)
  • Roger Edmond, Université d'Antananarivo (MDG)
  • Zebrowski Cyrille, Société Bionexx (MDG)
  • Leong Pock Tsy Jean-Michel, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA)
  • Danthu Pascal, CIRAD-DGDRS-DRE (MDG)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (

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