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Response of pest control by generalist predators to local-scale plant diversity: a meta-analysis

Dassou Gbèblonoudo Anicet, Tixier Philippe. 2016. Response of pest control by generalist predators to local-scale plant diversity: a meta-analysis. Ecology and Evolution, 6 (4) : pp. 1143-1153.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact Revue en libre accès total
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Quartile : Q2, Sujet : ECOLOGY / Quartile : Q3, Sujet : EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY

Abstract : Disentangling the effects of plant diversity on the control of herbivores is important for understanding agricultural sustainability. Recent studies have investigated the relationships between plant diversity and arthropod communities at the landscape scale, but few have done so at the local scale. We conducted a meta-analysis of 32 papers containing 175 independent measures of the relationship between plant diversity and arthropod communities. We found that generalist predators had a strong positive response to plant diversity, that is, their abundance increased as plant diversity increased. Herbivores, in contrast, had an overall weak and negative response to plant diversity. However, specialist and generalist herbivores differed in their response to plant diversity, that is, the response was negative for specialists and not significant for generalists. While the effects of scale remain unclear, the response to plant diversity tended to increase for specialist herbivores, but decrease for generalist herbivores as the scale increased. There was no clear effect of scale on the response of generalist predators to plant diversity. Our results suggest that the response of herbivores to plant diversity at the local scale is a balance between habitat and trophic effects that vary according to arthropod specialization and habitat type. Synthesis and applications. Positive effects of plant diversity on generalist predators confirm that, at the local scale, plant diversification of agroecosystems is a credible and promising option for increasing pest regulation. Results from our meta-analysis suggest that natural control in plant-diversified systems is more likely to occur for specialist than for generalist herbivores. In terms of pest management, our results indicate that small-scale plant diversification (via the planting of cover crops or intercrops and reduced weed management) is likely to increase the control of specialist herbivores by generalist predators. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Lutte biologique, Lutte antiravageur, Biodiversité, Interactions biologiques, Agroécosystème, Arthropoda, Herbivore, Prédateur, Relation plante animal, Plante de culture, Chaîne alimentaire, habitat, Biocénose

Classification Agris : H01 - Protection of plants - General aspects
F40 - Plant ecology
L20 - Animal ecology
H10 - Pests of plants

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2014-2018) - Santé des animaux et des plantes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Dassou Gbèblonoudo Anicet, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR GECO (MTQ)
  • Tixier Philippe, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR Systèmes de culture bananes et ananas (CRI) ORCID: 0000-0001-5147-9777

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/579782/)

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