Methanogenic potential of forages consumed throughout the year by cattle in a Sahelian pastoral area

Doreau Michel, Benhissi Hanen, Thior Yakhya Elhadji, Bois Bérénice, Leydet Claire, Genestoux Lucette, Lecomte Philippe, Morgavi Diego P., Ickowicz Alexandre. 2016. Methanogenic potential of forages consumed throughout the year by cattle in a Sahelian pastoral area. Animal Production Science, 56 : pp. 613-618.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Abstract : Methane (CH4) emission from ruminants in African pastoral systems may be affected by intake and type of plants, which vary highly between rainy and dry seasons. In each of two sites located in the semiarid Sahelian area of Senegal, three Gobra zebus were monitored throughout 1 year. A representative sample of their diet was obtained once every month. Diet was mainly composed of grasses, herbaceous legumes, tree and shrub foliage and pods, and dried forage residues. CH4 production and volatile fatty acid (VFA) concentration, which reflects VFA production, were determined in vitro. Crude protein, neutral detergent fibre (NDF) and acid detergent fibre were measured by near-infrared spectrophotometry. CH4 production varied between 24.6 and 35.2 mL/g forage dry matter (DM), being minimal in August (rainy season) and maximal in February (dry season). Seasonal difference disappeared when CH4 was expressed in mL/g NDF. The acetate : propionate ratio varied in the same way as CH4 (3.2 and 4.6 in August and February, respectively); VFA concentration was minimum in March and maximum in September (69.2 and 77.4 mmol/L, respectively). CH4 production was closely related to dietary NDF content (r = 0.82) and to acetate : propionate ratio (r = 0.96). For six successive periods (February to July), plant categories constituting the diet were incubated separately. Reconstituting the CH4 production and VFA concentration in the diet on the basis of the proportion of plant components gave values similar to those of the global diet (33.4 and 34.2 mL CH4/g DM and 75.9 and 70.9 mmol VFA/L, respectively). This result suggests the absence of interaction among plant components on rumen fermentation. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Méthane, Pollution par l'agriculture, Gaz à effet de serre, Variation saisonnière, Zébu, Ruminant, Régime alimentaire, Consommation alimentaire (animaux), Fourrage, Plante fourragère, Composition chimique, Rumen, Fermentation, Digestibilité, Zone semi-aride, Zone tropicale, Élevage, émission de méthane, Spectroscopie infrarouge, Spectrophotométrie

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Sahel, Sénégal

Classification Agris : P02 - Pollution
L02 - Animal feeding
P40 - Meteorology and climatology

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2014-2018) - Agriculture écologiquement intensive

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Doreau Michel, INRA (FRA)
  • Benhissi Hanen, INRA (FRA)
  • Thior Yakhya Elhadji, ISRA (SEN)
  • Bois Bérénice, CIRAD-ES-UMR SELMET (FRA)
  • Leydet Claire
  • Genestoux Lucette, INRA (FRA)
  • Lecomte Philippe, CIRAD-ES-UMR SELMET (SEN) ORCID: 0000-0003-1040-7886
  • Morgavi Diego P., INRA (FRA)
  • Ickowicz Alexandre, CIRAD-ES-UMR SELMET (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0003-1436-7148

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