Rural livelihood diversification in Sub-Saharan Africa: A literature review

Alobo Sarah. 2015. Rural livelihood diversification in Sub-Saharan Africa: A literature review. Journal of Development Studies, 51 (9) : pp. 1125-1138.

Journal article ; Article de synthèse ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Q2, Sujet : ECONOMICS / Quartile : Q3, Sujet : PLANNING & DEVELOPMENT

Liste HCERES des revues (en SHS) : oui

Thème(s) HCERES des revues (en SHS) : Economie-gestion

Abstract : This article provides a comprehensive review of the literature on the nature and evolution of rural livelihood diversification in sub-Saharan Africa, and the situation regarding smallholders. It reveals mixed findings about the causes and consequences of livelihood diversification on rural smallholders adopting this strategy. A lot of evidence from the literature suggests that it is relatively better-off smallholders with sufficient assets who achieve successful livelihood diversification, mainly by exploiting opportunities and synergies between farm and nonfarm activities. Because of asset constraints, increase in incomes and wealth based on livelihood diversification has not yet benefitted the large majority of smallholders. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Économie rurale, Population rurale, Communauté rurale, diversification des moyens d’existence, Revenu de l'exploitation, Revenu complémentaire, Activité complémentaire des ruraux, Système d'exploitation agricole

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Afrique au sud du Sahara

Classification Agris : E50 - Rural sociology
F08 - Cropping patterns and systems
E80 - Home economics, industries and crafts
E10 - Agricultural economics and policies

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 5 (2014-2018) - Action publique pour le développement

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Alobo Sarah, CIRAD-ES-UMR MOISA (FRA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (

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