Evaluation of the effect of chemical or enzymatic synthesis methods on biodegradability of polyesters

Goujard Laurent, Roumanet Pierre-Jean, Baréa Bruno, Raoul Yann, Ziarelli Fabio, Le Petit Jean, Jarroux Nathalie, Ferré Elisée, Guégan Philippe. 2016. Evaluation of the effect of chemical or enzymatic synthesis methods on biodegradability of polyesters. Journal of Polymers and the Environment, 24 (1) : pp. 64-71.

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Quartile : Q2, Sujet : POLYMER SCIENCE / Quartile : Q3, Sujet : ENGINEERING, ENVIRONMENTAL

Abstract : This work compares the biodegradability of polyesters produced by an esterification reaction between glycerol and oleic di-acid (D 18:1) issued from green chemical pathways, via either classical thermo-chemical methods, or an enzymatic method using the immobilized lipase of Candida antartica B (Novozym 435). An elastomeric polymer synthesized by enzymatic catalysis is more biodegradable than an elastomeric thermo-chemical polyester synthesized by a standard chemical procedure. This difference lies in percentage of the dendritic motifs, in values of the degree of substitution, and certainly in cross-links inducing an hyper-branched structure less accessible to the lipolytic enzymes in a waste treatment plant. However, when the elastomeric polymer synthesized by enzymatic catalysis is processed at high temperature as required for certain industrial applications, it presents an identical rate of biodegradation than the chemical polyester. The advantages of the thermo-chemical methods are greater speed and lower cost. Enzymatic synthesis appears be suited to producing polyesters, devoid of metallic catalysts, which must be used without processing at high temperature to keep a high biodegradability. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Polyester, Biodégradabilité, Synthèse chimique, Biosynthèse, Candida, Enzyme immobilisée, Activité enzymatique, Catalyse, Estérification, Glycérol, Acide oléique, Biodégradation

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : France

Mots-clés complémentaires : Candida antarctica

Classification Agris : 000 - Other themes
Q60 - Processing of non-food or non-feed agricultural products

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 3 (2014-2018) - Alimentation durable

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Goujard Laurent, IMBE (FRA)
  • Roumanet Pierre-Jean, Université d'Evry Val d'Essonne (FRA)
  • Raoul Yann, ONIDOL (FRA)
  • Ziarelli Fabio, Université Aix-Marseille III (FRA)
  • Le Petit Jean, IMBE (FRA)
  • Jarroux Nathalie, Université d'Evry Val d'Essonne (FRA)
  • Ferré Elisée, IMBE (FRA)
  • Guégan Philippe, CNRS (FRA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (

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