Agritrop
Home

Wild and domestic pig interactions at the wildlife–livestock interface of Murchison Falls National Park, Uganda, and the potential association with African Swine Fever Outbreaks

Kukielka Esther A., Jori Ferran, Martinez-Lopez Beatriz, Chenais Erika, Masembe Charles, Chavernac David, Stahl Karl. 2016. Wild and domestic pig interactions at the wildlife–livestock interface of Murchison Falls National Park, Uganda, and the potential association with African Swine Fever Outbreaks. Frontiers in Veterinary Science, 3 (31), 13 p.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact Revue en libre accès total
[img]
Preview
Published version - Anglais
License Licence Creative Commons.
fvets-03-00031.pdf

Télécharger (4MB) | Preview

Abstract : Bushpigs (BPs) (Potamochoerus larvatus) and warthogs (WHs) (Phacochoerus africanus), which are widely distributed in Eastern Africa, are likely to cohabitate in the same environment with domestic pigs (DPs), facilitating the transmission of shared pathogens. However, potential interactions between BP, WH, and DP, and the resulting potential circulation of infectious diseases have rarely been investigated in Africa to date. In order to understand the dynamics of such interactions and the potential influence of human behavior and husbandry practices on them, individual interviews (n = 233) and participatory rural appraisals (n = 11) were carried out among Ugandan pig farmers at the edge of Murchison Falls National Park, northern Uganda. In addition, as an example of possible implications of wild and DP interactions, non-linear multivariate analysis (multiple correspondence analyses) was used to investigate the potential association between the aforementioned factors (interactions and human behavior and practices) and farmer reported African swine fever (ASF) outbreaks. No direct interactions between wild pigs (WPs) and DP were reported in our study area. However, indirect interactions were described by 83 (35.6%) of the participants and were identified to be more common at water sources during the dry season. Equally, eight (3.4%) farmers declared exposing their DP to raw hunting leftovers of WPs. The exploratory analysis performed suggested possible associations between the farmer reported ASF outbreaks and indirect interactions, free-range housing systems, dry season, and having a WH burrow less than 3 km from the household. Our study was useful to gather local knowledge and to identify knowledge gaps about potential interactions between wild and DP in this area. This information could be useful to facilitate the design of future observational studies to better understand the potential transmission of pathogens between wild and DPs. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Peste porcine africaine, Interactions biologiques, Animal sauvage, Animal domestique, Porcin, Transmission des maladies, Épidémiologie, Parc national

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Ouganda

Mots-clés complémentaires : Phacochoerus africanus, Potamochoerus larvatus

Classification Agris : L73 - Animal diseases

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2014-2018) - Santé des animaux et des plantes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Kukielka Esther A., UC (USA)
  • Jori Ferran, CIRAD-ES-UPR AGIRs (BWA) ORCID: 0000-0001-5451-7767
  • Martinez-Lopez Beatriz, UC (USA)
  • Chenais Erika, National Veterinary Institute (SWE)
  • Masembe Charles, Makerere University of Kampala (UGA)
  • Chavernac David, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR CMAEE (FRA)
  • Stahl Karl, National Veterinary Institute (SWE)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/580290/)

View Item (staff only) View Item (staff only)

[ Page générée et mise en cache le 2021-02-28 ]