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Adaptation of the forecasting system to control black leaf streak disease of banana and fungicide resistance analysis in the Caribbean

Le Guen Roxane, Guillermet Claire, Fouré Eric, Garcia Guarionex, De Lapeyre de Bellaire Luc. 2014. Adaptation of the forecasting system to control black leaf streak disease of banana and fungicide resistance analysis in the Caribbean. In : Caribbean sustainable banana. Interreg project 2010-2014. Programme Interreg Caraïbes, UGPBAN, CIRAD, IT2. Montpellier : CIRAD, Résumé, 2 p. Final Workshop of the Interreg Project Caribbean Sustainable Banana, Rodney Bay, Sainte-Lucie, 13 October 2014/16 October 2014.

Paper with proceedings
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Le Guen Adaptation of the forecasting.pdf

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[img] Published version - Anglais
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Use under authorization by the author or CIRAD.
S3.2 Adaptation forecasting system _fungicide resistance ana.pdf

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Abstract : Black Leaf Streak Disease (BLSD) is the most important foliar disease affecting Caribbean and worldwide banana production. This foliar disease is caused by the fungal pathogen Mycosphaerella fijiensis. In the absence of suitable control, yield loss represents from 20% to 80% of the production. However, the most important effect of BLSD is the reduction of fruit green-life, which can cause fruit ripening during the maritime shipping. In the Caribbean, BLSD was first reported in Cuba (1992), then in Jamaica (1994) and Dominican Republic (1996). More recently, the disease has been reported in Saint Vincent (2009), Saint Lucia (2010), Martinique (2010), Guadeloupe (2012) and Dominica (2012). A warning system has been developed and implemented in various countries aiming at optimal control of BLSD through minimum applications of fungicides (7-12). This system relies on adequate timing of fungicide applications and the use of systemic fungicides in mineral oil to ensure a high curative effect. However, the regular and intensive use of systemic fungicides can led to the emergence of resistant strains in M. fijiensis. Consequently, the implementation of the forecasting system has to be conducted in three steps. Firstly, initial fungicide resistance monitoring must be carried in order to evaluate the status of fungicide resistance in fungal populations and to adapt fungicide use. Secondly, the forecasting system should be adapted through field trials in commercial farms. Thirdly, for an optimal control of BLSD, the method should be implemented on a larger scale. Monitoring of fungicide resistance strains in M. fijiensis has been conducted in Martinique, Guadeloupe, Saint Lucia, Dominica and Dominican Republic (2010 to 2014). In the islands were M. fijiensis was recent (St Vincent, St Lucia, Martinique, Guadeloupe, Dominica) no resistance to any of the systemic fungicides (antimitotics, DMI, QoI) was detected in fungal populations. Conversely, in Dominican Republic, high level of resistance to QoI, and strong loss of sensitivity to DMI fungicides was observed. In November 2014, 10 technicians from Martinique, Guadeloupe, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent, Dominica and Dominican Republic will be trained in order to transfer the methodology for fungicide resistance monitoring in these different countries. In Dominican Republic, the forecasting system has been implemented on 4 commercial farms. In spite of the limitations in the use of fungicides due to resistance, disease control was achieved with a limited number of fungicide applications (7-9), as compared with 13-26 applications in most commercial farms over the same period. Better control was achieved were cultural practices were optimal. There is now a strong interest on Dominican Republic banana growers to extend this methodology on a larger scale in the frame of the Banana Accompanying Measures project (BAM), 2014-2018, funded by the European Union. However significant organizational issues need to be arranged, and this extension will be first implemented at the level of small groups of farms representative of different conditions in the country. (Résumé d'auteur)

Classification Agris : H20 - Plant diseases
C30 - Documentation and information

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Le Guen Roxane, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR Systèmes de culture bananes et ananas (DOM)
  • Guillermet Claire, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR GECO (MTQ)
  • Fouré Eric, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR Systèmes de culture bananes et ananas (FRA)
  • Garcia Guarionex, COAGROCAUCA (COL)
  • De Lapeyre de Bellaire Luc, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR Systèmes de culture bananes et ananas (FRA)

Autres liens de la publication

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/580351/)

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