Landscape diversity and associated coping strategies during food shortage periods: evidence from the Sudano-Sahelian region of Burkina Faso

Koffi Koame C., Djoudi Houria, Gautier Denis. 2017. Landscape diversity and associated coping strategies during food shortage periods: evidence from the Sudano-Sahelian region of Burkina Faso. Regional Environmental Change, 17 (5) : pp. 1369-1380.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Liste HCERES des revues (en SHS) : oui

Thème(s) HCERES des revues (en SHS) : Géographie-Aménagement-Urbanisme-Architecture

Abstract : The importance of forest resources for rural communities' livelihoods has increasingly been recognized over the last three decades. Forests provide food, generate incomes, provide supporting (nutrient cycling, pollination), and regulating (climate, diseases, water regulation and purification) services for agriculture, in addition to their aesthetic, cultural and spiritual role. However, most of the studies on forest resource use do not focus on the role of landscape organization in addressing the impact of climate variability and the risk of food insecurity. This study aims to examine the contribution of woodlands and trees towards decreasing the risk of food insecurity and the importance of landscape structure and composition in coping with food shortages. It took place in two villages in Burkina Faso, on both ends of the woodlands and tree-cover spectrum. We demonstrate that in both landscapes, ecosystem goods, such as shea nuts and fuelwood, represent a safety net for households during food shortage periods. We demonstrate that households shape their adaptive strategies differently depending on the resources available and the structure of the landscape. People living in a landscape with a savannah matrix (Sorobouly) rely on fuelwood trade to purchase cereals, while those living in a landscape with a parkland matrix (Kalembouly) rely on shea nuts. Agricultural, environmental and climate change policies that reinforce the rights of the most vulnerable to access key resources provided by these landscapes and development programs which assure their sustainable use will simultaneously enhance food security and increase their adaptive capacity in the face of climate change and variability. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Changement climatique, forêt tropicale, Ressource forestière, Population rurale, Moyens d'existence durables, sécurité alimentaire, Utilisation des terres, Paysage agricole, Bois de chauffage, Beurre de karité, Produit forestier non ligneux, adaptation aux changements climatiques, Impact sur l'environnement, gestion des ressources naturelles, Développement durable, Savane, Pâturages

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Afrique, Burkina Faso, Zone soudano-sahélienne

Mots-clés libres : Adaptive strategies, Climate variability, Landscape diversity, Forest resource, Food shortage

Classification Agris : K01 - Forestry - General aspects
P01 - Nature conservation and land resources
P40 - Meteorology and climatology
E50 - Rural sociology

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 6 (2014-2018) - Sociétés, natures et territoires

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