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Do the impact of organic residues on soil quality extend beyond the deposition area under oil palm?

Carron Marc-Philippe, Auriac Quentin-Jean, Snoeck Didier, Villenave Cécile, Blanchart Eric, Ribeyre Fabienne, Marichal Raphaël, Darminto M., Caliman Jean-Pierre. 2016. Do the impact of organic residues on soil quality extend beyond the deposition area under oil palm?. European Journal of Soil Biology, 75 : pp. 54-61.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Q2, Sujet : SOIL SCIENCE / Quartile : Q2, Sujet : ECOLOGY

Abstract : Recycling empty fruit bunches (EFBs) in mature oil palm stands usually consists in distributing them over a limited area representing 3%–10% of the plot. The impact of this practice on soil quality, including soil biodiversity, is not well known at the plot scale. We analysed soil physical, chemical, and biological variables. Five zones were defined around the palm tree to assess spatial heterogeneity due to plant cover and application of organic and inorganic fertilisers. Each zone was analysed separately. Our study revealed marked variations in mineral contents around the palm tree, ranging from deficiency to excess or nutrient imbalance in adjacent zones, particularly in available P and K, Mg and pH. Similar variations in macrofauna were observed both in the litter and the soil. Our results demonstrate that the changes caused by plant cover and applications of fertiliser are mainly limited in space, but that earthworm communities move as a function of variations in nutrient availability or stress associated with EFB deposition over time. The Amacher index, adapted to the soil nutrient status for oil palm, indicated that average mineral fertility at the plot scale was rather good. The average density of soil macrofauna and nematofauna was low compared to other tropical ecosystems, but reference data from Indonesia are lacking. Application of EFBs on the harvest path mainly improved the homogeneity of soil quality within the elementary plot around the palm. However these data did not show that recycling EFB stimulates soil fauna communities or carbon sequestration at the plot scale. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Fertilité du sol, Fertilisation, Elaeis guineensis, Couverture végétale, Potassium, Azote, Cycle de l'azote, Transport des substances nutritives, Déchet agricole, Engrais organique, Litière forestière, Faune du sol, Biologie du sol

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Sumatra, Indonésie

Mots-clés libres : Soil quality, Organic recycling, Soil macrofauna, Soil nematofauna, Elaeis guineensis

Classification Agris : F04 - Fertilizing
P35 - Soil fertility
P34 - Soil biology

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2014-2018) - Agriculture écologiquement intensive

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Carron Marc-Philippe, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR Systèmes de pérennes (FRA)
  • Auriac Quentin-Jean, Montpellier SupAgro (FRA)
  • Snoeck Didier, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR Systèmes de pérennes (FRA)
  • Villenave Cécile, Elisol-Environnement (FRA)
  • Blanchart Eric, IRD (FRA)
  • Ribeyre Fabienne, CIRAD-BIOS-UPR Bioagresseurs : analyse et maîtrise du risque (FRA)
  • Marichal Raphaël, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR Systèmes de pérennes (IDN)
  • Darminto M., SMART Research Institute (IDN)
  • Caliman Jean-Pierre, SMART Research Institute (IDN)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/580570/)

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