Trade in live reptiles, its impact on wild populations, and the role of the European market

Auliya Mark, Altherr Sandra, Ariano-Sanchez Daniel, Baard Ernst H., Brown Carl, Brown Rafe M., Cantu Juan-Carlos, Gentile Gabriele, Gildenhuys Paul, Henningheim Evert, Hintzmann Jürgen, Kanari Kahoru, Krvavac Milivoje, Lettink Marieke, Lippert Jörg, Luiselli Luca, Nilson Göran, Nguyen Truong Quang, Nijman Vincent, Parham James F., Pasachnik Stesha A., Pedrono Miguel, Rauhaus Anna, Rueda Córdova Danny, Sanchez Maria-Elena, Schepp Ulrich, van Schingen Mona, Schneeweiss Norbert, Segniagbeto Gabriel H., Somaweera Ruchira, Sy Emerson Y., Türkozan Oguz, Vinke Sabine, Vinke Thomas, Vyas Raju, Williamson Stuart, Ziegler Thomas. 2016. Trade in live reptiles, its impact on wild populations, and the role of the European market. Biological Conservation, 204 (Part A), Advancing reptile conservation: Addressing knowledge gaps and mitigating key drivers of extinction risk : pp. 103-119.

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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION / Quartile : Q1, Sujet : ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES / Quartile : Q1, Sujet : ECOLOGY

Abstract : Of the 10,272 currently recognized reptile species, the trade of fewer than 8% are regulated by the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) and the European Wildlife Trade Regulations (EWTR). However, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List has assessed 45% of the world's reptile species and determined that at least 1390 species are threatened by “biological resource use”. Of these, 355 species are intentionally targeted by collectors, including 194 non-CITES-listed species. Herein we review the global reptile pet trade, its impacts, and its contribution to the over-harvesting of species and populations, in light of current international law. Findings are based on an examination of relevant professional observations, online sources, and literature (e.g., applicable policies, taxonomy [reptile database], trade statistics [EUROSTAT], and conservation status [IUCN Red List]). Case studies are presented from the following countries and regions: Australia, Central America, China, Galapagos Islands (Ecuador), Germany, Europe, India, Indonesia (Kalimantan), Islamic Republic of Iran, Japan, Madagascar, Mexico, New Zealand, the Philippines, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Vietnam, Western Africa, and Western Asia. The European Union (EU) plays a major role in reptile trade. Between 2004 and 2014 (the period under study), the EU member states officially reported the import of 20,788,747 live reptiles. This review suggests that illegal trade activities involve species regulated under CITES, as well as species that are not CITES-regulated but nationally protected in their country of origin and often openly offered for sale in the EU. Further, these case studies demonstrate that regulations and enforcement in several countries are inadequate to prevent the overexploitation of species and to halt illegal trade activities. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Reptile, Animal sauvage, Écologie animale, Commercialisation, Provenance

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Europe

Classification Agris : E70 - Trade, marketing and distribution
L20 - Animal ecology

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 6 (2014-2018) - Sociétés, natures et territoires

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Auliya Mark, Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research (DEU)
  • Altherr Sandra
  • Ariano-Sanchez Daniel, Universidad del Valle (COL)
  • Baard Ernst H., Western Cape Goverment Department of Agriculture (ZAF)
  • Brown Carl, Western Cape Goverment Department of Agriculture (ZAF)
  • Brown Rafe M., University of Kansas (USA)
  • Cantu Juan-Carlos
  • Gentile Gabriele, Universitá Tor Vergata (ITA)
  • Gildenhuys Paul, Western Cape Goverment Department of Agriculture (ZAF)
  • Henningheim Evert
  • Hintzmann Jürgen, Ministry for Climate Protection, Environment, Agriculture, Conservation and Consumer Prote ction of the State of North Rhine-Westphalia (DEU)
  • Kanari Kahoru, UNU (JPN)
  • Krvavac Milivoje, Institute for Nature Conservation (SRB)
  • Lettink Marieke
  • Lippert Jörg, Ministry of Rural Development, Environment and Agriculture of the Federal State of Brandenburg (DEU)
  • Luiselli Luca, Rivers State University of Science and Technology (NGA)
  • Nilson Göran, Institutt for Biovitenskap (NOR)
  • Nguyen Truong Quang, Vietnamese Academy of Sciences and Technology (VNM)
  • Nijman Vincent, Oxford University (GBR)
  • Parham James F., California State University (USA)
  • Pasachnik Stesha A., San Diego Zoo Institute for Conservation Research (USA)
  • Pedrono Miguel, CIRAD-ES-UPR AGIRs (MDG)
  • Rauhaus Anna, Cologne Zoo (DEU)
  • Rueda Córdova Danny, Parque Nacional Galápagos (ECU)
  • Sanchez Maria-Elena, Bosques de Cerezos (MEX)
  • Schepp Ulrich
  • van Schingen Mona, Cologne University (DEU)
  • Schneeweiss Norbert, Landesamt für Umwelt (DEU)
  • Segniagbeto Gabriel H., Université de Lomé (TGO)
  • Somaweera Ruchira, Biological Environmental Survey (AUS)
  • Sy Emerson Y., Philippine Center for Terrestrial and Aquatic Research (PHL)
  • Türkozan Oguz, Adnan Menderes University (TUR)
  • Vinke Sabine, Paraguay Salvaje (PRY)
  • Vinke Thomas, Paraguay Salvaje (PRY)
  • Vyas Raju, Sayaji Zoo (IND)
  • Williamson Stuart, Department of Conservation Auckland Conservancy Office (NZL)
  • Ziegler Thomas, Cologne University (DEU)

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