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A mathematical model of tree-grass interactions using impulsive differential equations and non-linear feedback functions of grass biomass onto fire-induced tree mortality

A mathematical model of tree-grass interactions using impulsive differential equations and non-linear feedback functions of grass biomass onto fire-induced tree mortality. Tchuinte Tamen Alexis, Dumont Yves, Bowong Samuel, Tewa Jean Jules, Couteron Pierre. 2016. . Perpignan : Université de Perpignan, Résumé, 1 p.

Emerging Trends in Applied Mathematics and Mechanics Conference (ETAMM 2016), Perpignan, France, 30 Mai 2016/3 Juin 2016.
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Résumé : Explanations accounting for tree-grass interactions in savanna ecosystems are of- ten based on either facilitation/competition for resources, or differential sensitivity to fires. We propose a tree-grass model which accounts both phenomena (i.e. competition and _res). In the literature, several models used positive feedback between grass biomass (fuel load) and fire intensity, however, they did not incorporate nonlinear response of _re frequency/intensity to tree biomass. Our model explicitly considers the impact of pulse _re on tree biomass by mean of two non-linear impact functions including the response function of woody biomass to fire intensity. By considering two impact functions, our system yields complex dynamics, allowing for various possibilities of bistability and periodic equilibria in the ecosystem. We investigate local and global properties of equilibria. We highlight three parameters of bifurcations: the _re period, the tree-grass competition parameter, and the _re intensity. Using an appropriate nonstandard numerical scheme, we provide numerical simulations to discuss some ecologically interesting cases our model is able to exhibit along a rainfall gradient. In order to represent spatial patterns observed in different environmental regions, a preliminary work that explicitly represent the spatial interactions among trees and grasses is introduced. (Texte intégral)

Mots-clés libres : Tree-grass interactions; Biomass; Competition; Savanna; Fire; Impulsive differential equation; Qualitative analysis; Simulation

Classification Agris : F40 - Ecologie végétale
K01 - Foresterie - Considérations générales
U10 - Méthodes mathématiques et statistiques
K70 - Dégâts causés aux forêts et leur protection
H50 - Troubles divers des plantes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Tchuinte Tamen Alexis, IRD (CMR)
  • Dumont Yves, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AMAP (FRA)
  • Bowong Samuel, Université de Yaoundé (CMR)
  • Tewa Jean Jules, Université de Yaoundé (CMR)
  • Couteron Pierre, IRD (FRA)

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