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Lipase activity of tropical oilseed plants for ethyl biodiesel synthesis and their typo- and regioselectivity

Kouteu Nanssou Paul Alain, Baréa Bruno, Barouh Nathalie, Blin Joël, Villeneuve Pierre. 2016. Lipase activity of tropical oilseed plants for ethyl biodiesel synthesis and their typo- and regioselectivity. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 64 (46) : pp. 8838-8847.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Outlier, Sujet : AGRICULTURE, MULTIDISCIPLINARY / Quartile : Q1, Sujet : FOOD SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY / Quartile : Q1, Sujet : CHEMISTRY, APPLIED

Abstract : The aim of this work was to investigate lipase activities in crude extracts from Adansonia suarezensis, Adansonia grandidieri, Moringa drouhardii, Moringa oleifera, Jatropha mahafalensis, and Jatropha curcas seeds in ethanolysis and hydrolysis reactions. All crude extracts from germinated seeds showed both ethanolysis and hydrolysis activities. The influence of germination, the delipidation procedure, and the triacylglycerol/ethanol molar ratio on their ethanolysis activity was studied. Crude extracts of Jatropha and Adansonia seeds showed optimal activity at pH 8 with an optimum temperature of 30 and 40 °C, respectively. The study of the regioselectivity of crude extracts from J. mahafalensis and A. grandidieri seeds, which had the most active hydrolysis reaction, showed 1,3 regioselectivity in the hydrolysis reaction of vegetable oils. The crude extract from A. grandidieri seeds showed no typoselectivity, whereas the typoselectivity of the crude extract of J. mahafalensis seeds depended on the type of reaction. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés libres : Biodiesel, Ethanolysis, Regioselectivity, Seed lipases, Typoselectivity

Classification Agris : Q60 - Processing of non-food or non-feed agricultural products
K01 - Forestry - General aspects
P06 - Renewable energy resources

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 2 (2014-2018) - Valorisation de la biomasse

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Kouteu Nanssou Paul Alain, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR IATE (FRA)
  • Baréa Bruno, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR IATE (FRA)
  • Barouh Nathalie, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR IATE (FRA)
  • Blin Joël, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR BioWooEB (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0001-6715-2453
  • Villeneuve Pierre, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR IATE (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0003-1685-1494

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/582271/)

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