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Slaughterhouse survey of culled female camels (Camelus dromedarius) in southeast Algeria: Fetal wastage and pregnancy characteristics

Benaissa Mohammed Hocine, Faye Bernard, Youngs Curtis R., Kaidi Rachid. 2016. Slaughterhouse survey of culled female camels (Camelus dromedarius) in southeast Algeria: Fetal wastage and pregnancy characteristics. Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture, 28 (11) : pp. 805-812.

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Quartile : Q3, Sujet : AGRONOMY / Quartile : Q4, Sujet : FOOD SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

Abstract : This study determined the prevalence of fetal wastage due to slaughter of pregnant camels, and the relationship between fetal wastage and factors such as breed, season, abattoir location, and age. Pregnancy characteristics of indigenous camels were also investigated. Reproductive tracts were collected from 912 female camels at two abattoirs in southeast Algeria over 2.5 years. Before slaughter, data regarding reasons for culling were obtained. Pregnancy was detected in 21.7% of camels and was higher (P<0.05) in the Tergui than Sahraoui breed. Fetal wastage was higher (P<0.05) in the dry than wet season. Fetal wastage in the first and second trimester (57.1% of total waste) was greater (P<0.05) than that in third and fourth trimester (42.9% of total). Right and left ovaries showed equal ovulatory activity. Mean diameter of the corpus luteum (CL) was higher (P < 0.05) in females with a single corpus luteum than in those with twin or triple CL. All but one camel carried the fetus in the left uterine horn. Embryo migration was observed in 50% of pregnant camels, and migration was from the right to left uterine horn in all cases. Prevalence of embryonic and fetal loss was 10.0% and was influenced by ovulation rate. The two most prevalent reasons for culling pregnant camels were old age (23.7%) and poor body condition (11.6%). These findings document the magnitude of fetal wastage which represents substantial economic loss to the camel industry. Livestock owners should receive education on reproductive management, including pregnancy testing, to minimize fetal wastage. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Dromadaire, Abattage d'animaux, Femelle, Foetus, Embryon animal, Corps jaune, Gestation, Physiologie de la reproduction, Variation saisonnière, Enquête

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Algérie

Mots-clés complémentaires : Camelus dromedarius

Classification Agris : L53 - Animal physiology - Reproduction
L01 - Animal husbandry

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2014-2018) - Agriculture écologiquement intensive

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Benaissa Mohammed Hocine, Higher National Veterinary School (DZA)
  • Faye Bernard, CIRAD-ES-UMR SELMET (FRA)
  • Youngs Curtis R., Iowa State University (USA)
  • Kaidi Rachid, Université de Blida (DZA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/582352/)

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