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The French breeding program

Froelicher Yann, Poullet Thibaut, Evrard Jean-Charles, Ahmed D., Durand M., Luro François, Curk Franck, Bloquel E., Pailly Olivier, Dambier Dominique, Bruyère Saturnin, Morillon Raphaël, Ollitrault Patrick. 2016. The French breeding program. In : Abstract book Sustainable citriculture: the role of applied knowledge. Mattos Dirceu (ed.), Fermino Carlos Eduardo (ed.), Moreira Novelli Valdenice (ed.), Alves de Azevedo Fernando (ed.), Della Coletta Filho Helvécio (ed.), Vicente Contador Zaccheo Paulo (ed.). IAC, IAPAR. Londrina : IAPAR, Résumé, p. 105. ISBN 978-85-88184-55-8 International Citrus Congress, Foz do Iguaçu, Brésil, 18 September 2016/23 September 2016.

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Abstract : To produce seedless varieties, we focused on triploid hybrid selection. Different methods are developed to create triploid. The first method consists to exploit 2n gametes naturally produced by diploid crosses. The second method is based on interploid hybridization (2x X 4x and 4x X 2x). For this strategy the parental tetraploid gene pool has been diversified by selecting spontaneous tetraploid in apomictic cultivars, generating doubled diploid by colchicines treatments and allotetraploid by somatic hybridization. Several thousand triploid hybrids have been created using these strategies with the support of embryo rescue and ploidy evaluation by flow cytometry. Selections of new varieties are in process and will be soon evaluated in different farm. Acquisition of knowledge allows maximizing the breeding efficiency. Particularly our breeding program builds on (1) progress on genomics and phylogenomics, (2) knowledge on polyploidization mechanisms, tetraploid meiosis and there implications on the genetic and phenotypic structure, (3) studies of the implications of polyploidy on genomic and phenotypic expression. (Texte intégral)

Classification Agris : F30 - Plant genetics and breeding

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Froelicher Yann, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA)
  • Poullet Thibaut, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA)
  • Evrard Jean-Charles, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA)
  • Ahmed D.
  • Durand M.
  • Luro François
  • Curk Franck, INRA (FRA)
  • Bloquel E.
  • Pailly Olivier
  • Dambier Dominique, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA)
  • Bruyère Saturnin, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (GLP)
  • Morillon Raphaël, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (GLP)
  • Ollitrault Patrick, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (GLP) ORCID: 0000-0002-9456-5517

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/583064/)

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