Interactions between oceans and societies in 2030: Challenges and issues for research

Lacroix Denis, David Bernard, Lamblin Véronique, de Menthière Nicolas, De Lattre-Gasquet Marie, Guigon Antoine, Jannès-Ober Emmanuelle, Hervieu Halvard, Potier Françoise, Ragain Gilles, Hoummady Moussa. 2016. Interactions between oceans and societies in 2030: Challenges and issues for research. European Journal of Futures Research, 4 (1):e11, 15 p.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à comité de lecture Revue en libre accès total
Published version - Anglais
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Abstract : The perception of ocean areas by policy-makers or by people, living or not on the coast, has significantly varied over centuries. Due to its vastness and complexity, the sea has been studied within distinct academic disciplines. However, the current issues related to the sea, such as climate change, marine pollution or coastal tourism, require an integrated vision of the assets and drawbacks in order to meet the challenges arising from human activities both at sea and onshore. In this study, a group of foresight officers from the French network of public research institutes decided to cross-check and compare several science approaches (biology, sociology, economics, etc) about oceans. Thus, 11 sectors of maritime activity (transportation, fisheries, energy, etc.) were cross-tabulated with 9 basic social functions (providing food, housing, learning, etc.). In this matrix, the main challenges and issues projected for 2030 were sought, in the frame of a baseline scenario. Results were clustered through 4 criteria, leading to 9 major challenges, each of them broken down into two important issues for research. The outcomes were used to create a survey, allowing the ranking of the research priorities. Most of the 9 challenges tally with the research and development objectives of great maritime states, except for governance and monitoring, which remain underscored. As a result, maritime powers still show more interest on securing national resources rather than on promoting international cooperation for secure trade and sustainable exploitation of marine resources. But foresight in this field could help changing the mentalities notably because oceans show clearly now to be a vital common good for mankind. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Océan, Ressource marine, gestion des ressources naturelles, Pollution, Politique de l'environnement, Pêches, Pisciculture, Impact sur l'environnement, Législation de l'environnement, Coopération internationale, Protection de l'environnement, Sociologie économique, Changement climatique, Recherche

Mots-clés libres : Ocean, Society, Marine resources, Maritime economy, Law of the sea, Foresight

Classification Agris : 000 - Autres thèmes
M01 - Fisheries and aquaculture - General aspects
E50 - Rural sociology
D50 - Legislation
P01 - Nature conservation and land resources

Champ stratégique Cirad : Hors axes (2014-2018)

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Lacroix Denis, IFREMER (FRA)
  • David Bernard, CEA (FRA)
  • Lamblin Véronique, Futuribles (FRA)
  • de Menthière Nicolas, IRSTEA (FRA)
  • De Lattre-Gasquet Marie, CIRAD-DGDRS (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-7874-9762
  • Guigon Antoine, ONERA (FRA)
  • Jannès-Ober Emmanuelle, IRSTEA (FRA)
  • Hervieu Halvard, Ministère de l'écologie, de l'énergie, du développement durable et de l'aménagement du territoire (France) (FRA)
  • Potier Françoise, IFSTTAR (FRA)
  • Ragain Gilles, CNES (FRA)
  • Hoummady Moussa, BRGM (FRA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (

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