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Life cycle assessment of guayule natural rubber production in Europe

Bessou Cécile, Snoeck Didier, Chapuset Thierry, Jager F., Mok S., Lewandowski I., Pioch Daniel, Palu Serge, Biard Yannick. 2016. Life cycle assessment of guayule natural rubber production in Europe. In : Industrial crops: promoting sustainability. Berti M.T. (ed.), Alexopoulou E. (ed.). Rochester : AAIC, Résumé, p. 74. Association for the Advancement of Industrial Crops International Conference, Rochester, États-Unis, 24 September 2016/28 September 2016.

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Abstract : Guayule natural rubber may offer an interesting alternative to synthetic or Hevea natural rubbers. It presents unique properties beneficial in both heavy tire and non-allergenic medical furniture productions. In temperate regions, guayule is the sole potential source of natural rubber, as Hevea rubber can only be produced in tropical countries. Nowadays, commercial productions of guayule only exist in the USA but recent studies within the EU-PEARLS project framework have proven the technical and economic feasibility of guayule growth and rubber extraction in the European context. In order to further assess the overall feasibility of guayule rubber development in Europe, there is a need to also investigate the environmental impacts or benefits of such a natural rubber source compared to synthetic rubber. We conducted a comprehensive analysis of guayule natural rubber environmental impacts (1 kg of crude rubber) using Life Cycle Assessment, ILCD 2011 midpoint+ Simapro 8.2 and ecoinvent 3.2, Allocation, Recycled content. We included in the system analysis, all background processes from input production and transportation to the field up to the crude rubber extraction at the mill gate (Figure 1). Data for the field cultivation were taken from 3 field experiments carried out in France and Spain. We also compared the impacts of guayule natural rubber with those of a synthetic rubber provided in the Ecoinvent database, Synthetic rubber (RER) production, Allocation, Recycled content. The LCA results will be presented. (Texte intégral)

Classification Agris : F01 - Crop husbandry
Q60 - Processing of non-food or non-feed agricultural products
P01 - Nature conservation and land resources

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Bessou Cécile, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR Systèmes de pérennes (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0001-6686-8468
  • Snoeck Didier, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR Systèmes de pérennes (FRA)
  • Chapuset Thierry, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR Systèmes de pérennes (FRA)
  • Jager F., Hohenheim University (DEU)
  • Mok S., Hohenheim University (DEU)
  • Lewandowski I., Hohenheim University (DEU)
  • Pioch Daniel, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR BioWooEB (FRA)
  • Palu Serge, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR BioWooEB (FRA)
  • Biard Yannick, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR HortSys (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-3974-3536

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/583352/)

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