The phylogenetic origin of limes and lemons

Curk Franck, Ollitrault Patrick, Garcia-Lor Andrés, Luro François, Froelicher Yann, Navarro Luis, Ollitrault Patrick. 2016. The phylogenetic origin of limes and lemons. In : Abstract book Sustainable citriculture: the role of applied knowledge. Mattos Dirceu (ed.), Fermino Carlos Eduardo (ed.), Moreira Novelli Valdenice (ed.), Alves de Azevedo Fernando (ed.), Della Coletta Filho Helvécio (ed.), Vicente Contador Zaccheo Paulo (ed.). IAC, IAPAR. Londrina : IAPAR, Résumé, p. 126. ISBN 978-85-88184-55-8 International Citrus Congress, Foz do Iguaçu, Brésil, 18 September 2016/23 September 2016.

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Abstract : The origin of limes and lemons has been a source of conflicting taxonomic opinions. Cultivated Citrus species certainly resulted from interspecific hybridization between four basic taxa (C. reticulata; C. maxima; C. medica and C. micrantha). However, the origin of most lemons and limes remains controversial. We studied the maternal phylogeny and nuclear structure of 133 Citrus accessions. The lime and lemon horticultural group is highly polymorphic with diploid, triploid and tetraploid varieties. It results from many independent reticulation events defining genetic subgroups. All these limes and lemons genetic subgroups are highly heterozygous with interspecific admixture of two, three and even four ancestral taxa genomes for some triploid varieties. C. medica contributed to all limes and lemons and was the direct male parent for the main subgroups in combination with C. micrantha, C. reticula, C. aurantium or C. maxima x C. reticulata hybrid. Among triploid imes, C. latifolia accessions (Tahiti type) result from the fertilization of a haploid ovule of C. limon by a diploid gamete of C. aurantifolia. As limes and lemons were vegetatively propagated the intra-subgroup phenotypic diversity results from asexual variations. (Texte intégral)

Classification Agris : F70 - Plant taxonomy and geography
F30 - Plant genetics and breeding

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Curk Franck, INRA (FRA)
  • Ollitrault Patrick, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (GLP) ORCID: 0000-0002-9456-5517
  • Garcia-Lor Andrés, IVIA (ESP)
  • Luro François, INRA (FRA)
  • Froelicher Yann, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA)
  • Navarro Luis, IVIA (ESP)
  • Ollitrault Patrick, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (GLP) ORCID: 0000-0002-9456-5517

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (

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