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Path Dependence in Nebo Plateau: Strategic Partnerships and Rural Poverty Alleviation in South African Small-Scale Irrigation Schemes

Bourblanc Magalie, Ducrot Raphaèle, Mapedza Everisto. 2017. Path Dependence in Nebo Plateau: Strategic Partnerships and Rural Poverty Alleviation in South African Small-Scale Irrigation Schemes. Journal of Southern African Studies, 43 (2) : pp. 381-396.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Path Dependence in Nebo Plateau Strategic.pdf

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Quartile : Q2, Sujet : AREA STUDIES

Liste HCERES des revues (en SHS) : oui

Thème(s) HCERES des revues (en SHS) : Histoire; Histoire, histoire de l'art, archéologie; Science politique

Abstract : To address the challenges associated with under-utilised smallholder irrigation schemes located in former homeland areas in South Africa, strategic partnerships between black farmers and white, established commercial farmers have been implemented by the Limpopo Provincial Department of Agriculture since the 2000s. This article aims to explain the adoption, and then the resilience over time, of this policy instrument, despite its failure to meet its objectives. We first demonstrate that policy instruments rarely result from an objective assessment of the situation at stake, and more often simply recycle previously used policies that were designed in attempts to provide solutions to other scenarios, which may not reflect the same characteristics as the situation currently under investigation. We then argue that the resilience of the particular policy instrument called 'strategic partnership' has been ensured thanks to a mechanism of 'path dependence' that is derived from previous policy decisions. Indeed, we demonstrate how the legacy of these earlier, primary policy choices makes it difficult to re-evaluate policy decisions favourable to strategic partnerships. Building on neo-institutionalist theories (sociological, historical and rational) that emphasise continuity within public policies, it will be made clear how strategic partnerships ultimately imposed themselves as a foregone policy 'choice', despite their disappointing results. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Petite agriculture, Exploitation agricole familiale, Irradiation, Méthode d'irrigation, Politique de développement, Partenariat, Adoption de l'innovation, Pauvreté

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Afrique du Sud

Mots-clés complémentaires : Stratégie

Classification Agris : F06 - Irrigation
E14 - Development economics and policies

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2014-2018) - Agriculture écologiquement intensive

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Bourblanc Magalie, CIRAD-ES-UMR G-EAU (ZAF)
  • Ducrot Raphaèle, CIRAD-ES-UMR G-EAU (FRA)
  • Mapedza Everisto, International Water Management Institute (ZAF)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/583834/)

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