Key odor and physicochemical characteristics of raw and roasted jicaro seeds (Crescentia alata K.H.B.)

Corrales Hernandez Carla, Lebrun Marc, Vaillant Fabrice, Madec Marie Noelle, Lortal Sylvie, Pérez Ana Mercedes, Fliedel Geneviève. 2017. Key odor and physicochemical characteristics of raw and roasted jicaro seeds (Crescentia alata K.H.B.). Food Research International, 96 : pp. 113-120.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : FOOD SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

Abstract : Jicaro seeds (Crescentia alata) are widely consumed in Central America, primarily as a popular tasty and nutritious beverage called “horchata”. Seeds are roasted to develop a specific aroma through a process that has never been explored. Volatile compounds, extracted from raw and roasted jicaro seeds (140 °C for 140 s) by SAFE (Solvent Assisted Flavor Evaporation), were analyzed by Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry (GC/MS). Twenty-seven volatile compounds were isolated, among which, ethyl-2-methylbutyrate was designated by olfactometry as providing the characteristic jicaro note (0.16 and 0.47 mg/kg dry basis (d.b.) in raw and roasted seeds, respectively). The release of volatile compounds from the Maillard reaction, such as pyrazines, and the increase of ethyl-2-methylbutyrate after roasting, exhausted the pleasant jicaro aroma. This mild roasting process had a slight impact on polyphenol, fructose and free amino acid contents, in agreement with the Maillard reaction. Confocal microscopy showed the coalescence of lipids in roasted jicaro seeds, which might explain the higher extracted fat content. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Parmentiera alata, Graine, Odeur, Propriété physicochimique, Composé volatil, Olfaction, Torréfaction, Composition chimique

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Amérique centrale, Nicaragua

Classification Agris : Q04 - Food composition
Q02 - Food processing and preservation

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 3 (2014-2018) - Alimentation durable

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Corrales Hernandez Carla, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Qualisud (FRA)
  • Lebrun Marc, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Qualisud (FRA)
  • Vaillant Fabrice, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Qualisud (COL) ORCID: 0000-0001-6318-1353
  • Madec Marie Noelle, INRA (FRA)
  • Lortal Sylvie, INRA (FRA)
  • Pérez Ana Mercedes, UCR (CRI)
  • Fliedel Geneviève, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Qualisud (FRA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (

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