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Can urbanization, social and spatial disparities help to understand the rise of cardiometabolic risk factors in Bobo-Dioulasso? A study in a secondary city of Burkina Faso, West Africa

Zeba Augustin Nawidimbasba, Tené Yaméogo Marceline, Tougouma Somnoma Jean-Baptiste, Kassie Daouda, Fournet Florence. 2017. Can urbanization, social and spatial disparities help to understand the rise of cardiometabolic risk factors in Bobo-Dioulasso? A study in a secondary city of Burkina Faso, West Africa. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 14 (4):378, 13 p.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact Revue en libre accès total
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Quartile : Q2, Sujet : PUBLIC, ENVIRONMENTAL & OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH (Social Sciences) / Quartile : Q2, Sujet : PUBLIC, ENVIRONMENTAL & OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH (Science) / Quartile : Q2, Sujet : ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES

Abstract : Background: Unplanned urbanization plays a key role in chronic disease growth. This population-based cross-sectional study assessed the occurrence of cardiometabolic risk factors in Bobo-Dioulasso and their association with urbanization conditions. Methods: Through spatial sampling, four Bobo-Dioulasso sub-spaces were selected for a population survey to measure the adult health status. Yéguéré, Dogona, Tounouma and Secteur 25 had very different urbanization conditions (position within the city; time of creation and healthcare structure access). The sample size was estimated at 1000 households (250 for each sub-space) in which one adult (35 to 59-year-old) was randomly selected. Finally, 860 adults were surveyed. Anthropometric, socioeconomic and clinical data were collected. Arterial blood pressure was measured and blood samples were collected to assess glycemia. Results: Weight, body mass index and waist circumference (mean values) and serum glycemia (83.4 mg/dL ± 4.62 mmol/L) were significantly higher in Tounouma, Dogona, and Secteur 25 than in Yéguéré; the poorest and most rural-like sub-space (p = 0.001). Overall, 43.2%, 40.5%, 5.3% and 60.9% of participants had overweight, hypertension, hyperglycemia and one or more cardiometabolic risk markers, respectively. Conclusions: Bobo-Dioulasso is unprepared to face this public health issue and urgent responses are needed to reduce the health risks associated with unplanned urbanization. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Santé publique, Urbanisation, Maladie de l'homme, maladie cardiovasculaire, Processus chronique, Trouble du métabolisme, Facteur de risque, Gestion du risque, Distribution spatiale, Population urbaine, Ville, Zone urbaine, Enquête, Échantillonnage

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Burkina Faso

Mots-clés complémentaires : Inégalité

Mots-clés libres : Chronic diseases, Urbanization, Health disparities, Spatial sampling, Medium-sized city, Bobo-Dioulasso

Classification Agris : 000 - Other themes
L73 - Animal diseases
B10 - Geography
U30 - Research methods

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2014-2018) - Santé des animaux et des plantes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Zeba Augustin Nawidimbasba, Institut de Recherche en Sciences de la Santé (BFA)
  • Tené Yaméogo Marceline, Université polytechnique de Bobo Dioulasso (BFA)
  • Tougouma Somnoma Jean-Baptiste, Université polytechnique de Bobo Dioulasso (BFA)
  • Kassie Daouda, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR ASTRE (FRA)
  • Fournet Florence, IRD (FRA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/584072/)

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