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Evidence that agricultural use of pesticides selects pyrethroid resistance within Anopheles gambiae s.l. populations from cotton growing areas in Burkina Faso, West Africa

Hien Aristide Sawdetuo, Soma Dieudonné Diloma, Hema Omer S.A., Bayili Bazoma, Namountougou Moussa, Gnankine Olivier, Baldet Thierry, Diabaté Abdoulaye, Roch Dabiré Kounbobr. 2017. Evidence that agricultural use of pesticides selects pyrethroid resistance within Anopheles gambiae s.l. populations from cotton growing areas in Burkina Faso, West Africa. PloS One, 12 (3):e0173098, 15 p.

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Url - jeu de données : https://figshare.com/articles/Evidence_that_agricultural_use_of_pesticides_selects_pyrethroid_resistance_within_i_Anopheles_gambiae_i_s_l_populations_from_cotton_growing_areas_in_Burkina_Faso_West_Africa/4716436

Quartile : Q1, Sujet : MULTIDISCIPLINARY SCIENCES

Liste HCERES des revues (en SHS) : oui

Thème(s) HCERES des revues (en SHS) : Psychologie-éthologie-ergonomie; Staps

Abstract : Many studies have shown the role of agriculture in the selection and spread of resistance of Anopheles gambiae s.l. to insecticides. However, no study has directly demonstrated the presence of insecticides in breeding sources as a source of selection for this resistance. It is in this context that we investigated the presence of pesticide residues in breeding habitats and their formal involvement in vector resistance to insecticides in areas of West Africa with intensive farming. This study was carried out from June to November 2013 in Dano, southwest Burkina Faso in areas of conventional (CC) and biological cotton (BC) growing. Water and sediment samples collected from breeding sites located near BC and CC fields were submitted for chromatographic analysis to research and titrate the residual insecticide content found there. Larvae were also collected in these breeding sites and used in toxicity tests to compare their mortality to those of the susceptible strain, Anopheles gambiae Kisumu. All tested mosquitoes (living and dead) were analyzed by PCR for species identification and characterization of resistance genes. The toxicity analysis of water from breeding sites showed significantly lower mortality rates in breeding site water from biological cotton (WBC) growing sites compared to that from conventional cotton (WCC) sites respective to both An. gambiae Kisumu (WBC: 80.75% vs WCC: 92.75%) and a wild-type strain (49.75% vs 66.5%). The allele frequencies L1014F, L1014S kdr, and G116S ace -1R mutations conferring resistance, respectively, to pyrethroids and carbamates / organophosphates were 0.95, 0.4 and 0.12. Deltamethrin and lambda-cyhalothrin were identified in the water samples taken in October/November from mosquitoes breeding in the CC growing area. The concentrations obtained were respectively 0.0147ug/L and 1.49 ug/L to deltamethrin and lambdacyhalothrin. Our results provided evidence by direct analysis (biological and chromatographic tests) of the role of agriculture as a source of selection pressure on vectors to insecticides used in growing areas. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Anopheles gambiae, Résistance aux insecticides, Pyréthrine, Identification, Gène, Enquête organismes nuisibles, Pratique culturale, Pollution par l'agriculture, Résidu de pesticide, PCR, Vecteur de maladie

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Burkina Faso

Classification Agris : H01 - Protection of plants - General aspects
L72 - Pests of animals
L73 - Animal diseases
P02 - Pollution

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2014-2018) - Santé des animaux et des plantes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Hien Aristide Sawdetuo, IRSS (BFA)
  • Soma Dieudonné Diloma, IRSS (BFA)
  • Hema Omer S.A., INERA (BFA)
  • Bayili Bazoma, IRSS (BFA)
  • Namountougou Moussa, IRSS (BFA)
  • Gnankine Olivier, Université de Ouagadougou (BFA)
  • Baldet Thierry, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR ASTRE (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0003-2979-9517
  • Diabaté Abdoulaye, Institut de Recherche en Sciences de la Santé (BFA)
  • Roch Dabiré Kounbobr, IRSS (BFA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/584155/)

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