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Genetic analysis and qtl mapping of agro-morphological traits in lowland rice (Oryza sativa L.) under drought conditions

Konate Abdourasmane K., Zongo Adama, Sangaré Jean Rodrigue, Kam Honore, Hema Drissa, Sanni Ambaliou, Audebert Alain. 2016. Genetic analysis and qtl mapping of agro-morphological traits in lowland rice (Oryza sativa L.) under drought conditions. International Journal of Current Advanced Research, 5 (9) : pp. 1260-1267.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à comité de lecture Revue en libre accès total
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Abstract : The present study was undertaken to evaluate lowland rice genetic variability associated with agro-morphological traits under drought condition. A set of 250 recombinant inbred lines (RILs) from the cross between rice parental cultivarIR64 (sensitive to drought) and ITA112 (tolerant to drought) were used. The experiment was performed at Banfora in Burkina Faso using randomized complete block design with 2 replications. High genetic variability was observed for all studied traits. Moderate to high heritability in broad sense were observed for almost studied traits. Grain yield recorded positive correlation with all traits except day to 80% maturity and number of tillers. Using inclusive composite interval mapping software (ICIM), a total of 7 QTLs were identified for this study distributed on 5 chromosomes (2; 3; 4; 5; 6) and associated with day to 50% heading (QTL50DH), day to 80%maturity (QTL80DM), Biomass (QTLBiom), flag leaf width (QTLFLW), plant height (QTLPH), panicle length (QTLPL) and percentage of fertile spikelet (QTLPFS). The percentage of phenotypic variance (PVE) explained by QTLs ranged from 5.45 to 14.58%. QTL50DH, QTL80DM and QTLBiom were overlapped in same region on chromosome 3, which was in accordance with correlation results among the traits. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Oryza sativa, Variation génétique, Caractère agronomique, Morphologie végétale, Locus des caractères quantitatifs, Carte génétique, Marqueur génétique, Riz aquatique, Rendement des cultures, Tolérance à la sécheresse, Sécheresse, Facteur climatique, Amélioration des plantes, Génétique des populations

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Burkina Faso

Mots-clés complémentaires : QTL

Mots-clés libres : Drought, Inclusive, Composite mapping, QTL, Rice

Classification Agris : F30 - Plant genetics and breeding
F01 - Crop husbandry
H50 - Miscellaneous plant disorders

Axe stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2014-2018) - Agriculture écologiquement intensive

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Konate Abdourasmane K., INERA (BFA)
  • Zongo Adama, University of Ouagadougou (BFA)
  • Sangaré Jean Rodrigue, UAC (BEN)
  • Kam Honore, INERA (BFA)
  • Hema Drissa, INERA (BFA)
  • Sanni Ambaliou, UAC (BEN)
  • Audebert Alain, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (SEN) ORCID: 0000-0002-5822-7166

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/584265/)

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