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Effects of landscape segregation on livelihood vulnerability: Moving from extensive shifting cultivation to rotational agriculture and natural forests in Northern Laos

Castella Jean-Christophe, Lestrelin Guillaume, Hett Cornelia, Bourgoin Jeremy, Fitriana Yulia Rahma, Heinimann Andreas, Pfund Jean-Laurent. 2013. Effects of landscape segregation on livelihood vulnerability: Moving from extensive shifting cultivation to rotational agriculture and natural forests in Northern Laos. Human Ecology, 41 (1) : pp. 63-76.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Castella et al 2012_Effects of landscape segregation on livelihood vulnerability.pdf

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Quartile : Q2, Sujet : SOCIOLOGY / Quartile : Q2, Sujet : ANTHROPOLOGY / Quartile : Q3, Sujet : ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES

Abstract : This study investigates four decades of socio-economic and environmental change in a shifting cultivation landscape in the northern uplands of Laos. Historical changes in land cover and land use were analyzed using a chronological series of remote sensing data. Impacts of landscape change on local livelihoods were investigated in seven villages through interviews with various stakeholders. The study reveals that the complex mosaics of agriculture and forest patches observed in the study area have long constituted key assets for the resilience of local livelihood systems in the face of environmental and socio-economic risks. However, over the past 20 years, a process of segregating agricultural and forest spaces has increased the vulnerability of local land users. This process is a direct outcome of policies aimed at increasing national forest cover, eradicating shifting cultivation and fostering the emergence of more intensive and commercial agricultural practices. We argue that agriculture-forest segregation should be buffered in such a way that a diversity of livelihood opportunities and economic development pathways can be maintained. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Culture itinérante, Utilisation des terres, gestion des ressources naturelles, Forêt, Couverture végétale, Rotation culturale, protection de la forêt, conservation des forêts, Impact sur l'environnement, Télédétection, Moyens d'existence durables, Politique foncière

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : République démocratique populaire lao

Classification Agris : F08 - Cropping patterns and systems
K01 - Forestry - General aspects
P01 - Nature conservation and land resources
E11 - Land economics and policies

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2005-2013) - Intensification écologique

Agence(s) de financement européenne(s) : European Commission

Programme de financement européen : FP7

Projet(s) de financement européen(s) : Impacts of Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation and Enhancing Carbon Stocks

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Castella Jean-Christophe, IRD (LAO) ORCID: 0000-0003-3532-0728
  • Lestrelin Guillaume, IRD (LAO) ORCID: 0000-0001-6207-218X
  • Hett Cornelia, University of Bern (CHE)
  • Bourgoin Jeremy, CIRAD-ES-UMR TETIS (SEN)
  • Fitriana Yulia Rahma, IRD (LAO)
  • Heinimann Andreas, University of Bern (CHE)
  • Pfund Jean-Laurent, CIFOR (IDN)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/584322/)

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