Sustainable processing systems: what new strategies for tropical agri-chains?

Pallet Dominique, Sainte-Beuve Jérôme. 2017. Sustainable processing systems: what new strategies for tropical agri-chains?. In : Sustainable development and tropical agri-chains. Biénabe Estelle (ed.), Rival Alain (ed.), Loeillet Denis (ed.). Dordrecht : Springer, 153-168. ISBN 978-94-024-1015-0

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Résumé : To be sustainable, food and non-food processing systems must impart value to local production by generating jobs and incomes while managing water- and energy-related environmental constraints. The design of sustainable processes must take into account different forms of organization between actors – from small producers to more industrialized tropical agri-chains –, the scale – artisanal, semi-industrial, etc. – for which they are meant, and the evolution of consumer demands, with these latter often wanting to sustain their traditional diets but with the best possible nutritional and health qualities. The processes must take into account the numerous constraints and criteria pertaining to raw materials, finished products, and the local environment in the countries of the South. Environmental sustainability of processing systems also requires improvements in the energy efficiency of processes, reduction in the use of water (recycling), the deriving of value from co-products, and more effective pollution control. The approach proposed by CIRAD aims to analyze the diversity of existing processing systems, design more innovative and sustainable ones, and then provide them with the necessary support in real-world contexts in association with the other actors of the tropical agri-chains. Food processing systems are complex because they involve various unitary operations that have to conform to demanding specifications. A modelling approach allows the selection of technological solutions to be formalized and rationalized. To incorporate sustainability criteria in the design of food and non-food processing systems, new design processes make use of multi-criteria analysis methods. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Secteur agricole, Produit alimentaire, Produit non alimentaire, Technologie, Technologie alimentaire, Technologie après récolte, Durabilité, Conception, Innovation, Modèle, Évaluation de l'impact, Impact sur l'environnement, Étude de cas, Digitaria exilis, Manioc, Manihot esculenta, Hevea brasiliensis, Caoutchouc, Mangue, Mangifera indica, Riz, Oryza sativa, Poisson (aliment), Matériel d'après récolte, Conservation de l'eau, Économie d'énergie, Pays en développement, Zone tropicale

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Afrique, Asie, Europe

Mots-clés complémentaires : Filière, Filière agro-alimentaire, Stratégie

Classification Agris : Q02 - Traitement et conservation des produits alimentaires
Q60 - Traitement des produits agricoles non alimentaires
E14 - Economie et politique du développement
N20 - Machines et matériels agricoles
U30 - Méthodes de recherche
P01 - Conservation de la nature et ressources foncières

Axe stratégique Cirad : Axe 3 (2014-2018) - Alimentation durable

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Pallet Dominique, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Qualisud (FRA)
  • Sainte-Beuve Jérôme, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR IATE (FRA)

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