Comprehensive quality and potential hazards of gowe, a malted and fermented cereal beverage from West Africa. A diagnostic for a future re-engineering

Adinsi Laurent, Mestres Christian, Akissoé Noël, Vieira-Dalodé Générose, Anihouvi Victor, Durand Noel, Hounhouigan Joseph D.. 2017. Comprehensive quality and potential hazards of gowe, a malted and fermented cereal beverage from West Africa. A diagnostic for a future re-engineering. Food Control, 82 : pp. 18-25.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : FOOD SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

Abstract : Gowé is a very popular traditional fermented and non-alcoholic cereal beverage in Benin. The purpose of the present study was to characterize the physical-chemical properties, nutritional and anti-nutrient composition, microbiological safety and mycotoxin occurrence in the various types of gowé. Six to nine samples from four types of technologies were analyzed for the various aspects of quality. Proximate composition, physical properties (particle size, viscosity), nutritional (amino-acid profile) and anti-nutritional (tannin, phytate, and cyanide levels) properties of gowé resulting from the different traditional processes are quite similar except for the physical properties, the differences of which originate from the raw materials and the diverse cooking conditions. The main hazard of traditional gowé are potential mycotoxin contamination, and presence of cyanogenic compounds, which are linked to raw material contamination and the malting step, and occurrence of E. coli and Enterobacteriacae (gowé is free from other pathogens), linked to inappropriate handling and to the packaging material. The main defects are low α-amylase activity of malt linked to poor control of the malting process, low content of several essential amino-acids in the raw materials and which is deteriorated by the cooking step. Several potential solutions are discussed for paving the way for upgrading and re-engineering this process. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Produit fermenté, Sorgho, Maïs, Propriété physicochimique, Valeur nutritive, Biosécurité, Fermentation, Amylase, Bactérie lactique, Mycotoxine, Acide aminé, Produit transformé, Technologie traditionnelle, Toxicité, Facteur antinutritionnel

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Bénin, Afrique occidentale

Mots-clés complémentaires : Compose cyanogénétique

Classification Agris : Q03 - Food contamination and toxicology
Q02 - Food processing and preservation
Q04 - Food composition

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 3 (2014-2018) - Alimentation durable

Agence(s) de financement européenne(s) : European Commission

Programme de financement européen : FP7

Projet(s) de financement européen(s) : African Food Tradition Revisited by Research

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Adinsi Laurent, UAC (BEN)
  • Mestres Christian, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Qualisud (FRA)
  • Akissoé Noël, UAC (BEN)
  • Vieira-Dalodé Générose, UAC (BEN)
  • Anihouvi Victor, UAC (BEN)
  • Durand Noel, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Qualisud (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0003-1627-6848
  • Hounhouigan Joseph D., UAC (BEN)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (

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